Surveys

ESJF 2019/20 surveys in five European countries

Vyshnivets’ New Jewish Cemetery

Drone survey :
Vyshnivets’ New Jewish cemetery
Perimeter map :
Vyshnivets’ New Jewish cemetery

Country:
Ukraine
Region:
Ternopyl
District:
Zbarazh
Settlement:
Vyshnivets’
Site Address:
The cemetery is located in the woods adjacent to 22, Nova Street.
GPS coordinates:
49.90879, 25.74746
Perimeter length:
303 metres
Is the cemetery demolished:
No
Type and height of existing fence:
No fence
General Site Condition:
Fenced and protected Jewish cemetery.
Number of existing gravestones:
1300
Date of Oldest Tombstone:
1898 (oldest found by ESJF expedition)
Date of Newest Tombstone:
2004 (latest found by ESJF expedition)
Urgency of erecting a fence:
High
Land Ownership:
Municipality/Property of local community
Drone surveys:
Yes

The exact period of the cemetery’s establishment is unknown. According to the dates on preserved gravestones, the cemetery already existed in the late 19th century. It was operating until the beginning of the 21st century.
The first Jews settled in Vyshnivets in the mid-16th century. The Jewish community suffered during the Tatar invasion in 1653. In 1765, 501 Jews lived in Vyshnivets. By 1847, the number of the Jewish population reached a peak of 3178 people. In 1863, five synagogues and a Talmud-Torah operated in the town. In the second half of the 19th century, Yehuda-Leibush Averbukh served as rabbi of Vyshnivets. The Russian revolution of 1917 accelerated the development of the cultural and political life of the Jewish community of Vyshnivets. During this time, Jewish political parties, a drama circle, and a library operated in town. In the period of the Russian Civil War, the Jewish self-defence group managed to stave off the violence. In 1921, the Jewish population declined to 2,825 (70% of the total population). In the 1920s – early 1930s, a yeshiva operated in Vyshnivets. Eight synagogues functioned in the town in the 1930s. In 1937, Jewish residents numbered around 3,000 (60% of the total population). In July 1941, more than 400 Jews were murdered after the occupation of Vyshnivets by the Wehrmacht troops. In March 1942, 3,500 Jews were forced to live in a ghetto. The Jews from the neighbouring villages were placed into it. On August 11, 1942, about 2,500 Jews were executed when the ghetto was liquidated.