Surveys

ESJF 2019/20 surveys in five European countries

Shums'k New Jewish Cemetery

Drone survey :
Shums'k New Jewish Cemetery
Shums'k New Jewish Cemetery
Historical map and perimeter :
Shums'k New Jewish Cemetery

Country:
Ukraine
Region:
Ternopyl
District:
Shums'k
Settlement:
Shums'k
Site Address:
The cemetery is located on the crossroads of Lesi Ukrainky and Dobrovins’koho Streets.
GPS coordinates:
50.11916, 26.12281
Perimeter length:
346 metres
Is the cemetery demolished:
No
Type and height of existing fence:
Type of the fence. The cemetery is surrounded by a concrete fence of one-metre height.
General Site Condition:
Fenced and protected Jewish cemetery. The cemetery is slightly overgrown. It requires clearing. The fence is in excellent condition. The ruins of the unknown structures are located adjacent to the cemetery site.
Number of existing gravestones:
300
Date of Oldest Tombstone:
1856
Date of Newest Tombstone:
1937
Urgency of erecting a fence:
Fence is not needed
Land Ownership:
Municipality/Property of local community
Preserved Construction on Site:
Presumably, there was a beit-tahara or an ohel on the site of the ruins adjacent to the cemetery.
Drone surveys:
Yes

The exact period of the cemetery’s establishment is unknown. Presumably, it was established in the 19th century. First, it appears on Russian maps of the 1880s and maps of Wojskowy Instytut Geograficzny (WIG) of 1835-1839.

The first Jews settled in Shums’k in the first half of the 18th century. In 1745, local Jews built a beit-midrash, bath, and stores for lease. The Great Synagogue of Shums’k was constructed in 1781. The Jews of Shumsk were mostly engaged in the grain trade and tailoring. In 1897, the Jewish population stood at 1,962 (86,8% of the total population). Five synagogues existed in the town at the end of the 19th century. The majority of the local Jews were the followers of the Olyka and Trisk Hasidism. The Hebrew school of the Beitar network was opened after the Revolution of 1917. The number of Jewish residents of Shumsk declined to 1,717 (73,2% of the total population) by 1921. The Zionist organizations such as “Ha-Halutz”, “Beitar” and “Revisionitim” were active in the interwar period. On July 10, 1941, the Wehrmacht troops occupied the town, and Ukrainians started a pogrom. In March 1942, a ghetto was established. On August 18, 1942, 1,792 Jews were executed. In September 1942, the last Jews in the ghetto were murdered. Only 15 Jews of Shumsk survived the war.