Surveys

ESJF 2019/20 surveys in five European countries

Rochmaniv Jewish Cemetery

Drone survey :
Rochmaniv Jewish Cemetery
Rochmaniv Jewish Cemetery
Historical map and perimeter :
Rochmaniv Jewish Cemetery

Country:
Ukraine
Region:
Ternopyl
District:
Shums'k
Settlement:
Rochmaniv
Site Address:
The cemetery is located adjacent to 26, Ivana Franka Street.
GPS coordinates:
50.13003, 26.08799
Perimeter length:
228 metres
Is the cemetery demolished:
No
Type and height of existing fence:
No fence
General Site Condition:
Unfenced Jewish cemetery. The cemetery is severely overgrown. It requires clearing and fencing. The cemetery site is partly overbuilt. There are private houses on its northern part. The northern and western parts are used for private gardening.
Number of existing gravestones:
20
Date of Oldest Tombstone:
Presumably,18th century,
Urgency of erecting a fence:
High
Land Ownership:
Municipality/Property of local community
Drone surveys:
Yes

The exact period of the cemetery’s establishment is unknown, It appears on Russian topographic maps of the 1880s. As the Jewish community had an own rabbi in mid-18th, it can be presumed that the cemetery emerged at the same period. For dating the preserved tombstones clearing of the cemetery is reqiured.

Rochmaniv Jews are known from the 18th century. Rabbi Wolf served here in the mid-18th century. In 1897, 93 Jews lived in Rochmaniv (16% of the total population). In the early 20th century, a synagogue and a Jewish cemetery existed. The Jewish population declined to 62 in 1921, comparing to 465 in 1911. During the occupation by the Wehrmacht troops, the Jews of Rochmaniv were deported to the Shumsk ghetto.