Surveys

ESJF 2019/20 surveys in five European countries

Brats'ke Jewish Cemetery

Country:
Ukraine
Region:
Mykolayiv
District:
Brats’ke
Settlement:
Brats'ke
Site Address:
The cemetery site is located to the northeast of the village, not far from the local forestry department. House number 184-A, Myru Street, is the beginning of a demolished and built-up cemetery, which was located on the territory of houses and adjoining buildings and stretched from the eastern side of the road connecting Myru Street and Franko Street. Today, there are four houses on the site.
GPS coordinates:
47.87076, 31.59046
Perimeter length:
277 metres
Is the cemetery demolished:
Yes. Not far from the cemetery site, under a tree, the ESJF expedition found one gravestone base without inscription from the cemetery. Residents of the village were not sure where the other gravestones were, but their general narrative is that they were taken to the mass execution site of Jews during WWII.
Type and height of existing fence:
No fence
General Site Condition:
Demolished and overbuilt Jewish cemetery. Houses, agricultural buildings, two garages and toilets are located on the territory today.
Number of existing gravestones:
No tombstones preserved. There is one tombstone base found near cemetery site, between the houses on 196 and 198 Myru Street, which was presumably removed from its place when the cemetery was demolished.
Urgency of erecting a fence:
Fence is not needed (overbuilt)
Land Ownership:
Private
Drone surveys:
Yes

The date of the cemetery’s founding is unknown, but presumably dates to the 19th century. The cemetery is marked on a map from 1941, although not as a specifically Jewish cemetery. According to local residents, the site was overbuilt in the early 1970s and some gravestones were moved to the mass grave site.

There is no information on Jewish community of Brats’ke until late 19th cent. In 1889, a synagogue operated. The Jewish population was 241 in 1897 and its amount gradually increased till 457 people in 1923. Before WWII, 203 Jews resided in Brats’ke. 82 Jews were murdered in September 1941 after the Nazis occupation.