Surveys

ESJF 2019/20 surveys in five European countries

Bobryk Pershyy Gelbinovo Jewish Cemetery

Historical map and perimeter :

Country:
Ukraine
Region:
Odessa
District:
Lyubashivka
Settlement:
Bobryk Pershyy
Site Address:
Before entering Bobryk Pershyy from the west, turn to the left in direction to the lake and the dam. Drive 800 metres north to the dam and turn left before it, driving around the fence of a parking lot and onto the field road behind it. From the fence, drive along the field road for 470 metres to the west, turn right to the north and head straight for another 4.1 kilometres along the field road without turning. The cemetery was located at the site of the field on the left side of the road.
GPS coordinates:
47.94335, 30.11083
Perimeter length:
413 metres
Is the cemetery demolished:
Yes
Type and height of existing fence:
No fence
General Site Condition:
Demolished Jewish cemetery that has not been built over. The site is used as a field.
Number of existing gravestones:
No tombstones preserved.
Urgency of erecting a fence:
Low. There are no traces of the cemetery, and its delineation is problematic.
Land Ownership:
Private. The territory is presumably private property.
Drone surveys:
No. The territory is presumably private property.

The cemetery is marked on a Russian topographic map published in 1927, using data from the 1910s. It is also marked on a map from 1941. Presumably, it was demolished during WWII or after during the Soviet period.

The Jewish farmer’s colony of Helbynovo was founded in 1851 by migrants from the regions of Volyn’, Kyiv and Kherson. In 1859, 1,599 individuals (150 families) were residing in the colony. A synagogue was built in 1863. The Jewish community rented out farmland to Gentile peasants, because of their own lack of labour skills and farming tools. In 1870, almost all the cultivated land owned by Jews was expropriated. Only a garden allotment remained in Jewish possession. In 1898, the Jewish population was reduced to 257 individuals, but increased to 367 by 1905. Exact data regarding the Jewish population of Helbynovo after this year is unavailable, but it is assumed that WWI and civil wars contributed to its decline. During the 1920s, a reading house (a kind of small library) and two-year school were active. In 1929, a kolkhoz was established. The famine of 1930 to 1933 decimated the population. The Jewish population of Gelbinovo ceased to exist during WWII.