Surveys

ESJF 2019/20 surveys in five European countries

Bibrka Jewish Cemetery

Drone survey :
Bibrka Jewish Cemetery
Historical map and perimeter :
Bibrka Jewish Cemetery

Country:
Ukraine
Region:
Lviv
District:
Peremyshliany
Settlement:
Bibirka
Site Address:
20, Hrushevskogo Street
GPS coordinates:
49.63712, 4.30202
Perimeter length:
328 metres
Is the cemetery demolished:
Yes
Type and height of existing fence:
No fence
General Site Condition:
Demolished Jewish cemetery that has not been built over
Number of existing gravestones:
No tombstones preserved
Urgency of erecting a fence:
Low
Land Ownership:
Property of Municipality
Drone surveys:
Yes

Information on the cemetery’s establishment is unknown, but it was marked on a maps from the 19th century. Presumably, it was demolished during and after WWII. The first records about the Jewish community of Bibrka date back to 1625. In 1765, 713 Jews lived here. In the 18th century, the local Jews were engaged in commerce and crafts. In 1788, a school for boys was opened. From 1800 until 1830, one of the leaders of Galician Hasidism, Rabbi Simche ben Yaacov, a disciple of Rabbi Meschulam-Zusi of Annopolsky, was active here. In 1859, the Jewish population numbered 1,778 (63% of the total population). By 1900, it increased to 2,500 (47% of the total population). In the late 19th century, the Zionist society “Ahavath Zion” was established. Since 1910, a tzadik from Stratin, Yithok-Aizik Lenner, lived in Bibrka. At that time, seven synagogues, heders and four charity organisation were active. During the post-war period, the Jewish population was reduced to 1,480 (34% of the total population) by 1921. The Wehrmacht captured Bibrka on June 30, 1941. 60 Jews were killed during a pogrom which was arranged by locals during the first days of the occupation. On July 10, 1941, a ghetto was established, which imprisoned nearly 3,600 Jews. By late August and early December 1942, more than 1,500 Jews had been deported to the extermination camp of Belzec. On April 13, 1943, the remaining population was executed in the cemetery of the nearby village Volovo. About 40 Jews returned to Bibrka after WWII.

3D model allows us to get topographical information from the site with high accuracy later we use this model to produce a proposed design with fence that could be constructed for the site preservation.
You can get a link to download 3D model by request if you email us.