Surveys

ESJF 2019/20 surveys in five European countries

Andriyevo-Ivanivka Jewish Cemetery

Country:
Ukraine
Region:
Odessa
Settlement:
Andriyevo-Ivanivka
Site Address:
The cemetery is located 400 metres up the hill from the crossing of 61, Tsentralna Street, and Shchorsa Street.
GPS coordinates:
47.50163, 30.45268
Perimeter length:
347 metres
Is the cemetery demolished:
No
Type and height of existing fence:
No fence
General Site Condition:
Unfenced Jewish cemetery. The cemetery is abandoned and partly overgrown​ with bushes. The territory is clearly marked with a low earthen wall delineating the sites' borders.
Number of existing gravestones:
20
Date of Oldest Tombstone:
1960
Date of Newest Tombstone:
1981
Urgency of erecting a fence:
High. The gravestones are threatened by theft and destruction. The cemetery requires urgent fencing.
Traces of Vandalism:
Some gravestones were recently broken by unknown culprits.
Land Ownership:
Property of Municipality
Preserved Construction on Site:
The cemetery site includes a mass grave and a memorial to Holocaust victims.
Drone surveys:
Yes

Presumably, the cemetery already existed in the late 19th century. If so, it was ruined during or after WWII, and post-war burials were held on the site until 1981.

There is not much information on the Jewish community of Andriyevo-Ivanivka. It is known that in 1873, a synagogue already existed. In 1897, the town’s Jewish population numbered 546 individuals (38% of the total population). In 1912, a Jewish savings bank was operating. The Jewish population had decreased to 330 in 1939. On August 5, 1941, German and Romanian forces occupied the territory and eventually executed 60 Jews. In March 1942, 165 Jews from Odessa were killed in the town. In total, 236 Jews from Andriyevo-Ivanivka were murdered during WWII. As epigraphic data shows, a Jewish population existed in Andriyevo-Ivanivka after WWII until the 1980s.