Surveys

ESJF 2019/20 surveys in five European countries

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Site name:

Greece
Greece
Alexandroupoli Jewish Cemetery

Perimeter map:

Alexandroupoli Jewish Cemetery map

Region: Eastern Macedonia and Thrace
District: Evros
Type And Height of Existing Fence: No fence
Gravestones: Yes
Traces of Vandalism: No
Mass Graves on Site: No
Drone surveys: Yes
Argostoli Jewish Cemetery

Perimeter map:

Argostoli Jewish Cemetery map

Region: Ionian Islands
District: Kefalonia
Type And Height of Existing Fence: No fence
Gravestones: No tombstones preserved
Urgency of erecting a fence: Fence is not needed
Traces of Vandalism: No
Mass Graves on Site: No
Drone surveys: Yes
Arta Jewish Cemetery

Perimeter map:

Arta Jewish Cemetery map

The cemetery was destroyed during WWII. Its fence was partially preserved until 1956.

Region: Epirus
District: Arta
Type And Height of Existing Fence: No fence
Gravestones: No tombstones preserved
Traces of Vandalism: No
Mass Graves on Site: No
Athens First Municipal Cemetery - Jewish Section

Perimeter map:

Region: Attica
District: None
Type And Height of Existing Fence: Type of the fence
Gravestones: Yes
Traces of Vandalism: No
Mass Graves on Site: No
Drone surveys: Yes
Athens Third Municipal Cemetery - Jewish Section

Perimeter map:

Region: Attica
District: None
Type And Height of Existing Fence: Type of the fence
Gravestones: Yes
Urgency of erecting a fence: Fence is not needed
Traces of Vandalism: No
Mass Graves on Site: No
Drone surveys: Yes
Chalkida Jewish Cemetery

Perimeter map:

Region: Euboea
District: None
Type And Height of Existing Fence: Type of the fence
Gravestones: Yes
Urgency of erecting a fence: Fence is not needed
Traces of Vandalism: No
Mass Graves on Site: No
Drone surveys: Yes
Chania Cemetery at Etz Chayim Synagogue

Perimeter map:

Chania Cemetery at Etz Chayim Synagogue map

Region: Crete
District: Chania
Type And Height of Existing Fence: Type of the fence
Gravestones: Yes
Traces of Vandalism: No
Mass Graves on Site: No
Chania Jewish Cemetery

Perimeter map:

Chania Jewish Cemetery map

Region: Crete
District: Chania
Type And Height of Existing Fence: No fence
Gravestones: No tombstones preserved
Urgency of erecting a fence: Fence is not needed
Traces of Vandalism: No
Mass Graves on Site: No
Drone surveys: Yes
Corfu New Jewish Cemetery

Perimeter map:

Corfu New Jewish Cemetery map

Region: Ionian Islands
District: Corfu
Type And Height of Existing Fence: Type of the fence
Gravestones: Yes
Traces of Vandalism: No
Corfu Old Romaniote Jewish Cemetery

Perimeter map:

Corfu Old Romaniote Jewish Cemetery map

Region: Ionian Islands
District: Corfu
Type And Height of Existing Fence: No fence
Gravestones: No tombstones preserved
Traces of Vandalism: No
Mass Graves on Site: No
Corfu Old Sephardic Jewish Cemetery

Perimeter map:

Corfu Old Sephardic Jewish Cemetery map

Region: Ionian Islands
District: Corfu
Type And Height of Existing Fence: No fence
Gravestones: No tombstones preserved
Urgency of erecting a fence: Fence is not needed
Traces of Vandalism: No
Mass Graves on Site: No
Didymoteicho New Jewish Cemetery

Perimeter map:

Region: Eastern Macedonia and Thrace
District: Evros
Type And Height of Existing Fence: Type of the fence
Gravestones: Yes
Traces of Vandalism: No
Mass Graves on Site: No
Drone surveys: Yes
Didymoteicho Old Jewish Cemetery

Perimeter map:

Perimeter map from Didymoteicho Old Jewish Cemetery

Region: Eastern Macedonia and Thrace
District: Evros
Type And Height of Existing Fence: Type of the fence
Gravestones: Yes
Traces of Vandalism: No
Mass Graves on Site: No
Drone surveys: Yes
Drama New Jewish Cemetery

Perimeter map:

Drama New Jewish Cemetery map

Region: Eastern Macedonia and Thrace
District: Drama
Type And Height of Existing Fence: Type of the fence
Gravestones: Yes
Urgency of erecting a fence: Fence is not needed
Traces of Vandalism: No
Mass Graves on Site: No
Drone surveys: Yes
Drama Old Jewish Cemetery

Perimeter map:

Drama Old Jewish Cemetery map

Region: Eastern Macedonia and Thrace
District: Drama
Type And Height of Existing Fence: Type of the fence
Gravestones: Yes
Urgency of erecting a fence: Fence is not needed
Traces of Vandalism: No
Mass Graves on Site: No
Drone surveys: Yes
Florina Jewish Cemetery

Perimeter map:

Florina Jewish Cemetery map

Region: Western Macedonia
District: Florina
Type And Height of Existing Fence: No fence
Gravestones: No tombstones preserved
Traces of Vandalism: No
Mass Graves on Site: No
Drone surveys: Yes
Heraklion Jewish Cemetery

Perimeter map:

Heraklion Jewish Cemetery map Heraklion Jewish Cemetery map

The cemetery was totally demolished and built up from the mid-1950s to the late 1960s.

Survey teams learned of litigation procedures between an American Jewish organisation and stadium developers surrounding the destruction of the Jewish cemetery. ESJF’s local coordinator is gathering more information on the topic.

Region: Crete
District: Heraklion
Type And Height of Existing Fence: No fence
Gravestones: Yes
Traces of Vandalism: No
Mass Graves on Site: No
Drone surveys: Yes
Ioannina New Jewish Cemetery

Perimeter map:

Ioannina New Jewish Cemetery map

The cemetery was founded in 1860. Some tombstones were brought from Ioannina’s old cemetery.

Region: Epirus
District: Ioannina
Type And Height of Existing Fence: Type of the fence
Gravestones: Yes
Traces of Vandalism: No
Mass Graves on Site: No
Drone surveys: Yes
Ioannina Old Jewish Cemetery

Perimeter map:

Ioannina Old Jewish Cemetery map

Region: Epirus
District: Ioannina
Type And Height of Existing Fence: No fence
Gravestones: No tombstones preserved
Traces of Vandalism: No
Mass Graves on Site: No
Kastoria New Jewish Cemetery

Perimeter map:

Kastoria New Jewish Cemetery map

Region: Western Macedonia
District: Kastoria
Type And Height of Existing Fence: No fence
Gravestones: No tombstones preserved
Traces of Vandalism: No
Mass Graves on Site: No
Kavala New Jewish Cemetery

Perimeter map:

Region: Eastern Macedonia and Thrace
District: Kavala
Type And Height of Existing Fence: Type of the fence
Gravestones: Yes
Traces of Vandalism: No
Mass Graves on Site: No
Kavala Old Jewish Cemetery

Perimeter map:

Kavala Old Jewish Cemetery map

Region: Eastern Macedonia and Thrace
District: Kavala
Type And Height of Existing Fence: No fence
Gravestones: No tombstones preserved
Traces of Vandalism: No
Mass Graves on Site: No
Drone surveys: Yes
Komotini Jewish Cemetery

Perimeter cannot be determined exactly:

Region: Eastern Macedonia and Thrace
District: Komotini
Type And Height of Existing Fence: No fence
Gravestones: No tombstones preserved
Traces of Vandalism: No
Mass Graves on Site: No
Drone surveys: No
Kos New Jewish Cemetery

Perimeter map:

Kos New Jewish Cemetery map

Region: South Aegean
District: Kos
Type And Height of Existing Fence: Type of the fence
Gravestones: Yes
Traces of Vandalism: No
Mass Graves on Site: No
Drone surveys: Yes
Kos Old Jewish Cemetery

Perimeter map:

Kos Old Jewish Cemetery map

Region: South Aegean
District: Kos
Type And Height of Existing Fence: Type of the fence
Gravestones: Yes
Traces of Vandalism: No
Mass Graves on Site: No
Drone surveys: Yes
Larissa New Jewish Cemetery

Perimeter map:

Larissa New Jewish Cemetery map

Region: Thessaly
District: Larissa
Type And Height of Existing Fence: Type of the fence
Gravestones: Yes
Traces of Vandalism: No
Mass Graves on Site: No
Drone surveys: Yes
Larissa Old Jewish Cemetery

Perimeter map:

Larissa Old Jewish Cemetery map

Region: Thessaly
District: Larissa
Type And Height of Existing Fence: No fence
Gravestones: No tombstones preserved
Traces of Vandalism: No
Mass Graves on Site: No
Drone surveys: Yes
Nafpaktos Jewish Cemetery

Perimeter map:

Nafpaktos Jewish Cemetery map

Region: Western Greece
District: Phokis
Type And Height of Existing Fence: No fence
Gravestones: No tombstones preserved
Traces of Vandalism: No
Mass Graves on Site: No
Drone surveys: Yes
Orestiada Jewish Cemetery

Perimeter cannot be determined exactly:

Region: Eastern Macedonia and Thrace
District: Evros
Type And Height of Existing Fence: No fence
Gravestones: No tombstones preserved
Traces of Vandalism: No
Mass Graves on Site: No
Paramythia Jewish Cemetery

Perimeter map:

Paramythia Jewish Cemetery map

Region: Epirus
District: Thesprotia
Type And Height of Existing Fence: No fence
Gravestones: No tombstones preserved
Traces of Vandalism: No
Mass Graves on Site: No
Patras New Jewish Cemetery

Perimeter map:

Patras New Jewish Cemetery map

Region: Western Greece
District: Achaea
Type And Height of Existing Fence: Type of the fence
Gravestones: Yes
Traces of Vandalism: No
Mass Graves on Site: No
Drone surveys: Yes
Patras Old Jewish Cemetery

Perimeter map:

Patras Old Jewish Cemetery map

Region: Western Greece
District: Achaea
Type And Height of Existing Fence: No fence
Gravestones: No tombstones preserved
Traces of Vandalism: No
Mass Graves on Site: No
Preveza Jewish Cemetery

Perimeter map:

Preveza Jewish Cemetery map

The cemetery was totally demolished and overbuilt. The Central Board of Jewish Communities in Greece sold an area of 2,170 square metres of land, including the former cemetery territory, to the Social Insurance Institute.

Region: Epirus
District: Preveza
Type And Height of Existing Fence: No fence
Gravestones: No tombstones preserved
Traces of Vandalism: No
Mass Graves on Site: No
Drone surveys: Yes
Rethymno Jewish Cemetery

Perimeter map:

Rethymno Jewish Cemetery map

Region: Crete
District: Rethymno
Type And Height of Existing Fence: No fence
Gravestones: No tombstones preserved
Traces of Vandalism: No
Mass Graves on Site: No
Drone surveys: Yes
Rhodes New Jewish Cemetery

Perimeter map:

Rhodes New Jewish Cemetery map

Region: South Aegean
District: Rhodes
Type And Height of Existing Fence: Type of the fence
Gravestones: Yes
Traces of Vandalism: No
Mass Graves on Site: No
Drone surveys: Yes
Rhodes Old Jewish Cemetery

Perimeter map:

Rhodes Old Jewish Cemetery map

Region: South Aegean
District: Rhodes
Type And Height of Existing Fence: No fence
Gravestones: No tombstones preserved
Traces of Vandalism: No
Mass Graves on Site: No
Drone surveys: No
Serres Jewish Cemetery

Perimeter map:

Serres Jewish Cemetery map

Region: Central Macedonia
District: Serres
Type And Height of Existing Fence: No fence
Gravestones: Yes
Traces of Vandalism: No
Mass Graves on Site: No
Drone surveys: Yes
Thessaloniki New Jewish Cemetery

Perimeter map:

Thessaloniki New Jewish Cemetery map

Region: Central Macedonia
District: Thessaloniki
Type And Height of Existing Fence: Type of the fence
Gravestones: Yes
Traces of Vandalism: No
Mass Graves on Site: No
Drone surveys: Yes
Thessaloniki Old Jewish Cemetery

Perimeter map:

Thessaloniki Old Jewish Cemetery map

Region: Central Macedonia
District: Thessaloniki
Type And Height of Existing Fence: No fence
Gravestones: Yes
Traces of Vandalism: No
Mass Graves on Site: No
Trikala Jewish Cemetery

Perimeter map:

Trikala Jewish Cemetery map

Region: Thessaly
District: Trikala
Type And Height of Existing Fence: Type of the fence
Gravestones: Yes
Traces of Vandalism: No
Mass Graves on Site: No
Drone surveys: Yes
Veroia Jewish Cemetery

Perimeter map:

Veroia Jewish Cemetery map

Region: Central Macedonia
District: Imathia
Type And Height of Existing Fence: No fence
Gravestones: Yes
Traces of Vandalism: No
Mass Graves on Site: No
Drone surveys: Yes
Volos New Jewish Cemetery

Perimeter map:

Volos New Jewish Cemetery map

Region: Thessaly
District: Magnesia
Type And Height of Existing Fence: Type of the fence
Gravestones: Yes
Urgency of erecting a fence: Fence is not needed
Traces of Vandalism: No
Mass Graves on Site: No
Drone surveys: Yes
Volos Old Jewish Cemetery

Perimeter map:

Volos Old Jewish Cemetery map

Region: Thessaly
District: Magnesia
Type And Height of Existing Fence: No fence
Gravestones: No tombstones preserved
Traces of Vandalism: No
Mass Graves on Site: No
Drone surveys: Yes
Xanthi Jewish Cemetery

Perimeter map:

Xanthi Jewish Cemetery map

Region: Eastern Macedonia and Thrace
District: Xanthi
Type And Height of Existing Fence: Type of the fence
Gravestones: Yes
Traces of Vandalism: No
Mass Graves on Site: No
Drone surveys: No
Zakynthos Jewish Cemetery

Perimeter map:

Zakynthos Jewish Cemetery map

Region: Ionian Islands
District: Zakynthos
Type And Height of Existing Fence: Type of the fence
Gravestones: Yes
Traces of Vandalism: No
Mass Graves on Site: No
Drone surveys: Yes
Moldova
Baimaklia Jewish Cemetery

Perimeter map:

Baimaklia Jewish Cemetery map

According to local elderly people, the Jewish cemetery was located on what today is a wooded hill. During the 1960s and 1970s, it was demolished. The site was intended for construction, which was ultimately not carried out.

Region: None
District: Causeni
Type And Height of Existing Fence: No fence
Gravestones: No tombstones preserved
Urgency of erecting a fence: Low
Traces of Vandalism: No
Mass Graves on Site: No
Drone surveys: No
Chimishlia Jewish Cemetery

Perimeter map:

Chimishlia Jewish Cemetery map

According to local people and cadastral data, a fenced land plot of land west of the cemetery site (coordinates 46.530229, 28.7915397, perimeter 150 metres), used to be part of the cemetery territory. Recently, it was seized, fenced and repurposed, and is now used as a field.

Region: None
District: Cimislia
Type And Height of Existing Fence: Type of the fence
Gravestones: Yes
Mass Graves on Site: No
Drone surveys: Yes
Chinisheutsi New Jewish Cemetery

Perimeter map:

Chinisheutsi New Jewish Cemetery map

Region: None
District: Rezina
Type And Height of Existing Fence: No fence
Gravestones: Yes
Urgency of erecting a fence: High
Traces of Vandalism: No
Mass Graves on Site: No
Drone surveys: Yes
Chinisheutsi Old Jewish Cemetery

Perimeter map:

Chinisheutsi Old Jewish Cemetery map

Region: None
District: Rezina
Type And Height of Existing Fence: No fence
Gravestones: No tombstones preserved
Traces of Vandalism: No
Mass Graves on Site: No
Drone surveys: No
Hyncheshti Jewish Cemetery

Perimeter map:

Hyncheshti Jewish Cemetery map

Region: None
District: Hincesti
Type And Height of Existing Fence: Type of the fence
Gravestones: Yes
Urgency of erecting a fence: High
Traces of Vandalism: No
Mass Graves on Site: No
Drone surveys: Yes
Kalarash Jewish Cemetery

Perimeter map:

Kalarash Jewish Cemetery map

Region: None
District: Calarasi
Type And Height of Existing Fence: Type of the fence
Gravestones: Yes
Mass Graves on Site: No
Drone surveys: Yes
Kalarash Municipal Cemetery (Vatamaneasa) - Jewish Section

Perimeter map:

Kalarash Municipal Cemetery (Vatamaneasa) - Jewish Section map

Region: None
District: Calarasi
Type And Height of Existing Fence: Type of the fence
Gravestones: Yes
Urgency of erecting a fence: Fence is not needed
Traces of Vandalism: No
Mass Graves on Site: No
Drone surveys: No
Kapreshti Jewish Cemetery

Perimeter map:

Kapreshti Jewish Cemetery map

Region: None
District: Floresti
Type And Height of Existing Fence: No fence
Gravestones: Yes
Traces of Vandalism: No
Mass Graves on Site: No
Drone surveys: Yes
Kausheni New Jewish Cemetery

Perimeter map:

Kausheni New Jewish Cemetery map

The cemetery was demolished approximately in 1980.

Region: None
District: Causeni
Type And Height of Existing Fence: No fence
Gravestones: No tombstones preserved
Traces of Vandalism: No
Mass Graves on Site: No
Drone surveys: No
Kausheni Old Jewish Cemetery

Perimeter map:

Kausheni Old Jewish Cemetery map

The cemetery was demolished around 1930.

Region: None
District: Causeni
Type And Height of Existing Fence: No fence
Gravestones: No tombstones preserved
Traces of Vandalism: No
Mass Graves on Site: No
Drone surveys: No
Leova Jewish Cemetery

Perimeter map:

Leova Jewish Cemetery map

According to Yizkor Leova, tombstones from the pre-WWII period existed either on this cemetery, or on another, elder one. More information is not available.

Region: None
District: Leova
Type And Height of Existing Fence: Type of the fence
Gravestones: Yes
Traces of Vandalism: No
Mass Graves on Site: No
Drone surveys: Yes
Olaneshti Jewish Cemetery

Perimeter map:

Olaneshti Jewish Cemetery map

Region: None
District: Stefan Voda
Type And Height of Existing Fence: Type of the fence
Gravestones: Yes
Urgency of erecting a fence: High
Traces of Vandalism: No
Mass Graves on Site: No
Drone surveys: No
Onitskani Jewish Cemetery

Perimeter map:

Onitskani Jewish Cemetery map

Region: None
District: Criuleni
Type And Height of Existing Fence: No fence
Gravestones: Yes
Urgency of erecting a fence: Low
Traces of Vandalism: No
Mass Graves on Site: No
Drone surveys: No
Orhei Jewish Cemetery

Perimeter map:

Orhei Jewish Cemetery map

According to the local community of Orhei, this cemetery was used by Jewish communities from the surrounding areas, and each shtetl had its own plot.

Region: None
District: Orhei
Type And Height of Existing Fence: Type of the fence
Gravestones: Yes
Traces of Vandalism: No
Drone surveys: Yes
Rezina Municipal Cemetery – Jewish Section

Perimeter map:

Rezina Municipal Cemetery – Jewish Section map

Region: None
District: Rezina
Type And Height of Existing Fence: Type of the fence
Gravestones: Yes
Urgency of erecting a fence: Fence is not needed
Traces of Vandalism: No
Mass Graves on Site: No
Drone surveys: No
Rezina Old Jewish Cemetery

Perimeter map:

Rezina Old Jewish Cemetery map

Region: None
District: Rezina
Type And Height of Existing Fence: No fence
Gravestones: Yes
Urgency of erecting a fence: High
Traces of Vandalism: No
Mass Graves on Site: No
Drone surveys: Yes
Soroka Jewish Cemetery

Perimeter map:

Soroka Jewish Cemetery map

Region: None
District: Soroca
Type And Height of Existing Fence: Type of the fence
Gravestones: Yes
Urgency of erecting a fence: Fence is not needed
Traces of Vandalism: No
Drone surveys: Yes
Tirgul-Vertujeni Jewish Cemetery

Perimeter map:

Tirgul-Vertujeni Jewish Cemetery map

Region: None
District: Tirgul-Vertujeni
Type And Height of Existing Fence: Type of the fence
Gravestones: Yes
Traces of Vandalism: No
Drone surveys: Yes
Vadul Rashkov Jewish Cemetery

Perimeter map:

Vadul Rashkov Jewish Cemetery map

Region: None
District: Soldanesti
Type And Height of Existing Fence: No fence
Gravestones: Yes
Urgency of erecting a fence: High
Traces of Vandalism: No
Mass Graves on Site: No
Drone surveys: Yes
Varzareshty Jewish Cemetery

Perimeter map:

Varzareshty Jewish Cemetery map

The cemetery was also used by the Nisporeni Jewish community.

It seems that a part of the cemetery located outside of the current fenced area has been demolished and transformed into a garden and a pigsty.

Region: None
District: Calarasi
Type And Height of Existing Fence: Type of the fence
Gravestones: Yes
Traces of Vandalism: No
Mass Graves on Site: No
Drone surveys: Yes
Ukraine
Baryshivka Jewish Cemetery

Perimeter map:

Baryshivka Jewish Cemetery map

The cemetery was demolished in the 1960s and 1970s, and buildings were constructed on the site. According to local residents, tombstones and other materials were removed and used for construction purposes. Immediately after the demolition of the cemetery, a butchery was built on the site.

The period of emergence of the Jewish community is unknown. In 1897, there were 462 Jews living in Baryshivka (25% of the total population). From 1904 onwards, the rabbi in Baryshivka was Falk Shusterman. The Jewish population of the town decreased to 134 in 1939 (5% of the total population). In November 1941, the entire Jewish population of Baryshivka, numbering more than 100 people, were shot by Nazis. In 1999, there were 15 Jews living in Baryshivka.

Region: Kyiv
District: Baryshivka
Type And Height of Existing Fence: No fence
Gravestones: No tombstones preserved
Mass Graves on Site: No
Drone surveys: Yes
Fastiv Jewish Cemetery

Perimeter map:

Fastiv Jewish Cemetery map

The oldest known gravestone dates from 1906, and the last burial took place in 2008. During World War II, the Nazis removed gravestones from the cemetery for use as the foundation of the local Gestapo headquarters.

There were originally two Jewish cemeteries in Fastiv. The old cemetery stopped functioning in the 19th century and, after WWII, was earmarked for private construction by the local authorities. The exact location of this cemetery is unknown.

HISTORY OF THE JEWISH COMMUNITY: When exactly a Jewish community in Fastiv emerged is unknown. The town suffered during the Khmelnitsky uprising from 1648 to 1649, and the Jewish community of that time, if any, would have been destroyed. Jews from Fastiv are first mentioned in documents from 1700.  From 1772 to 1776, the mentor of the Fastiv community was Avraam Malakh, the son of Rabbi Dov Ber from Mezhirich. In 1782, Rabbi Israel Polotzker, one of Rabbi Dov Ber’s first students, was passing through Fastiv and died there. The Fastiv community suffered during the Haidamak pogroms in 1750, 1752 and 1768. The Jewish population of Fastiv numbered 2,694 in 1847 and had grown to 5,595 by 1897. In addition to the Jewish district within the city, the second Jewish area in Fastiv was the agricultural settlement of Kadlubitsa. Kadlubitsa suffered during the Denikin pogroms of 1918-19; after the pogroms; afterwards, the JDC helped the community to rebuild their houses. During collectivisation, the Jewish collective farm “Roiter Poyer” (Red Ploughman) was situated in Kadlubitsa. During the German occupation, most of the adult Jewish population of Fastiv was moved to Bila Tserkva; a special ghetto was constructed for children. The residents of the Kadlubitsa suburb were murdered in the forest on the outskirts of Fastiv, as was the population of the children’s ghetto and Jewish refugees from Zhytomyr. Some of their remains were reburied in the Jewish cemetery after the war. The Jewish community existed after the war; there were underground minyanim in the city and people collected money for community needs, including cemetery maintenance. In 1998, the Jewish community was re-registered.

Region: Kyiv
District: Fastiv
Type And Height of Existing Fence: Type of the fence
Gravestones: Yes
Traces of Vandalism: No
Drone surveys: Yes
Makariv Jewish Cemetery

Perimeter map:

Makariv Jewish Cemetery map

The Makariv Jewish cemetery already existed in the mid-19th century, when Menachem Nachum Twersky was buried there.  The cemetery was destroyed in 1970s, and some tombstones were transferred to the Makariv municipal cemetery. In last decades the ohel of Menachem Twersky of Makarov was reconstructed by  the organisation “Ohalei Tzaddikim.”

 

The Makariv Jewish community has existed since mid-18th century.  In 1765, it included 217 taxpayers. According to census data, the Jewish population consistently grew during the 19th century: from 848 in 1847, to 1,207 in 1864, and 3,953 in 1887. The Hasidic dynasty of Makariv, a branch of Chernobyl Hasidism, was founded in 1837. In 1867, there was one synagogue in Makariv, and by the end of the cenury, there were six. During the 19th cenury, the synagogue and the beit-midrash were rebuilt several times at the landowner’s expense, according to historian M. Pokhilevich, because of fires which destroyed the town. The Jewish community of Makariv suffered severely from the pogroms during the civil war. Makariv’s Jews were able to defend themselves against attacks on November 21, 1917, but on July 6 and August 15, 1919, 20 Jews were killed by gangs led by Sokolovsky and Matviyenko. By the time the Volunteer Army arrived, about 4,000 Jews had left Makariv, with around 200 elderly people remaining in town. Around 100 were killed in the pogrom on August 18, 1919. In 1920, the Jewish collective farm “Vozrozhdeniye” (“A revival”) was founded in Makariv, counting 141 members by 1930. After the Nazi occupation in late July 1941, the first shooting of Jewish population in the Kyiv region took place in Makariv. The total number of Makariv Jews killed during the Holocaust was around 250. In 1999, about 20 Jews lived in Makariv.

Region: Kyiv
District: Makariv
Type And Height of Existing Fence: No fence
Gravestones: No tombstones preserved
Traces of Vandalism: No
Mass Graves on Site: No
Drone surveys: No
Rozhiv New Jewish Cemetery

Current and historical cemetery perimeters:

Rozhiv New Jewish Cemetery maps

The Rozhiv New Jewish cemetery appears on a Red Army map from the 1930s. It was supposedly demolished during or after WWII.

There is not much information on the Rozhiv Jewish community. Presumably, Jews had settled there in the18th century. In 1787, 25 Jews were registered in Rozhiv. In 1847, there were already 257 Jews in the town. In 1850, the Jewish agricultural colony “Rozhivskaya” was founded, with 88 male members. In 1897, the community consisted of 610 Jews (29.5% of the total population).  On July 3, 1919, a pogrom took place in the town, though some of the Jewish population managed to flee before. In 1926, only 19 Jews remained in Rozhiv. The Jews still living here during the Nazi occupation were murdered together with the Jews of neighbouring villages. There was no Jewish community in Rozhiv after Holocaust.

Region: Kyiv
District: Makariv
Type And Height of Existing Fence: No fence
Gravestones: No tombstones preserved
Traces of Vandalism: No
Mass Graves on Site: No
Drone surveys: No
Rozhiv Old Jewish Cemetery

Current and historical cemetery perimeters:

Rozhiv Old Jewish Cemetery maps

The Rozhiv Old Jewish cemetery appears on Red Army maps from the 1930s.  The last burials presumably took place in the early 20th century. The date of the cemetery’s demolition is unknown. According to local residents, the tombstones were already removed from the cemetery in the 1950s.  The construction of a residential building on the cemetery site in the mid-1980s excavated human bones. According to the mayor of Rozhiv, some tombstones from this cemetery have been preserved until today. The search for them is ongoing.

There is not much information on the Rozhiv Jewish community. Presumably, Jews had settled there in the18th century. In 1787, 25 Jews were registered in Rozhiv. In 1847, there were already 257 Jews in the town. In 1850, the Jewish agricultural colony “Rozhivskaya” was founded, with 88 male members. In 1897, the community consisted of 610 Jews (29.5% of the total population).  On July 3, 1919, a pogrom took place in the town, though some of the Jewish population managed to flee before. In 1926, only 19 Jews remained in Rozhiv. The Jews still living here during the Nazi occupation were murdered together with the Jews of neighbouring villages. There was no Jewish community in Rozhiv after Holocaust.

Region: Kyiv
District: Makariv
Type And Height of Existing Fence: No fence
Gravestones: No tombstones preserved
Traces of Vandalism: No
Mass Graves on Site: No
Drone surveys: No
Greece
Komotini Jewish Cemetery
Perimeter cannot be determined exactly: ... Read More
Orestiada Jewish Cemetery
Perimeter cannot be determined exactly: ... Read More
Moldova