Surveys in Ukraine

ESJF 2019/20 surveys in five European countries

Zolochiv New Jewish Cemetery

Drone survey :
Zolochiv New Jewish Cemetery
Historical map and perimeter :
Zolochiv New Jewish Cemetery

Country:
Ukraine
Region:
Lviv
District:
Zolochiv
Settlement:
Zolochiv
Site Address:
7, Lvivska Street.
GPS coordinates:
49.8085, 24.89013
Perimeter length:
784 metres
Is the cemetery demolished:
No
Type and height of existing fence:
Type of the fence. The cemetery is surrounded by a metal fence with gates.
General Site Condition:
Fenced and protected Jewish cemetery
Number of existing gravestones:
3. There are only gravestone fragments preserved on the cemetery site.
Urgency of erecting a fence:
Fence is not needed (already fenced)
Land Ownership:
Property of Municipality
Mass Graves on Site:
Yes. There is a memorial sign to Holocaust victims on the site.
Drone surveys:
No. There is a military base nearby.

Information on the cemetery’s establishment is not available, but it was marked on maps from 1860, the 1880s and 1939. It was demolished in the 1960s. In the early 2000s, the cemetery site was fenced and a memorial sign was erected. A synagogue, which was reconstructed after a fire of 1727, was built by the first Jewish settlers of Zolochiv in 1613. From that time it can be presumed that the Jewish community had emerged in the town. A mikva and a cemetery also functioned in the first half of the 17th century. 1,380 Jewish residents lived in Zolochiv in 1765. Hasidism gained followers among the local Jewish community during the 19th century. The Jewish population had increased to 5,086, around half of the total population of the city, by 1890. Jewish overseas charitable organisations helped reconstruct Zolochiv after the fire of 1903. WWI did not negatively affect the Jewish population, which numbered 5,744 (52% of the total population) in 1921. The Zionist movement was well-integrated in the political life of the community in the interwar period. It was occupied by the Wehrmacht on July 2, 1941. From the beginning of the occupation, the mass executions as well as a pogrom claimed thousands of Jewish lives. In late August and early November, 1942, nearly 4,500 Jews were deported to the extermination camp of Belzec. On December 1, 1942, a ghetto was created for around 4,000 local Jews and those from surrounding villages. It was liquidated in early April 1943, and 3,500 Jews were shot. In 2006, a memorial was erected on the place of the mass shootings.