Surveys in Ukraine

ESJF 2019/20 surveys in five European countries

Zboriv Jewish Cemetery

Drone survey :
Zboriv Jewish Cemetery
Perimeter map :
Zboriv Jewish Cemetery

Country:
Ukraine
Region:
Ternopyl
District:
Zboriv
Settlement:
Zboriv
Site Address:
The cemetery site is located opposite the crossroads of Danyla Halyts’koho and Peremohy Streets.
GPS coordinates:
49.66298, 25.13381
Perimeter length:
400 metres
Is the cemetery demolished:
Yes
Type and height of existing fence:
No fence
General Site Condition:
Demolished and overbuilt Jewish cemetery. The cemetery site is overbuilt with garages.
Number of existing gravestones:
No tombstones preserved
Urgency of erecting a fence:
Fence is not needed
Land Ownership:
Municipality/Property of local community
Drone surveys:
Yes

The exact period of the cemetery’s establishment is unknown. It can be assumed that the cemetery emerged in the 18th century. The cemetery was marked on cadastral maps of 1830. It appears on the first and the second military surveys of the Austro-Hungarian Empire in the 1860s and 1880s.
It can be found on Polish maps of Wojskowy Instytut Geograficzny (WIG) of 1939. The cemetery was mentioned and marked on a map in Yizkor’s book “Sefer Zikaron li-kehilat Zborov” that was issued in 1975. According to locals, the cemetery was demolished in the Soviet period.
Jews are known from the mid-17th century. At the beginning of the 18th century, 15 Jews of Zboriv were accused of the murder of a Christian beggar but later were justified. After this obviation, a Purim Katan was celebrated on Shvat 12. In 1765, 655 Jews resided in Zboriv. In the 18th-19th centuries, the Jews were engaged in trade and tailoring. Many illustrious rabbis served here. In the late 18th century, a student of Dov-Ber of Mezhirich, Moshe Shapiro, lived in Zboriv. The Hasidic court, founded by Meir Moskovich (1845-1915), set there in 1867-1914. The Jewish population reached 2,109 people (54,4% of the total population) in 1880. In the late 19th century, the Zionist organization HoveveI Zion worked in the town. In the early 20th century, five synagogues operated. During WWI, many Jews fled from the town or were deported to Tlumach. The Jewish population declined to 1,086 (29,1% of the total population) in 1921. In the inter-war period, the Zionist organizations resumed their activity. A Jewish bank was opened in 1925. On July 4, 1941, the Wehrmacht troops occupied Zboriv. More than 1,000 Jews were executed on the same day. On August 29, 1942, around 1,300 Jews were deported to the Belzec death camp. The Jews of Zboriv and the surrounding villages were imprisoned in a ghetto. 2,300 Jews were executed in April 1943. 25 Jews survived the war.