Surveys in Ukraine

ESJF 2019/20 surveys in five European countries

Varyazh Jewish Cemetery

Drone survey :
Varyazh Jewish Cemetery
Historical map and perimeter :
Varyazh Jewish Cemetery
Country:
Ukraine
Region:
Lviv
District:
Sokal
Settlement:
Varyazh
Site Address:
20, Myronivs'ka Street. The cemetery is located opposite the house at 20, Myronivs'ka Street.
GPS coordinates:
50.52217,24.08446
Perimeter length:
576 metres
Is the cemetery demolished:
No
Type and height of existing fence:
No fence
General Site Condition:
Unfenced Jewish cemetery
Number of existing gravestones:
About 10. Several gravestones lay beneath the ground. It is impossible to count them.
Urgency of erecting a fence:
Medium
Land Ownership:
Property of Municipality
Drone surveys:
Yes

Information on the cemetery’s establishment is unknown, but it was marked on maps of the 1880s and 1939. Presumably, the cemetery was operating in the second half of the 19th century. It can be supposed that it was demolished after WWII. Jews are recorded from 1573. The Jewish population was engaged in petty trade and crafts. The Jewish community emerged in the late 18th century. By that period, Varyazh became a centre of the Belz Hasidism. The Belz Hasidim predominated, and the Ruzhin and Husiatyn Hasidic dynasties were present. In 1880, 880 Jews (65% of the total population) lived in Varyazh. In the 19th century, Pinchas Eisen (1845-1915) from 1886, Sholem Babad (1877-1943) from 1910, and his son-in-law Avraham-Mordhe Ashkenazi (1883-1943), who was later expelled to Siberia, served as community rabbis. In 1900, the Jewish population stood at 964 (65% of the total population) and dropped to 520 (54% of the total population) in 1921. A synagogue was destroyed during a 1921 fire. 50 Jewish families lost their houses in a 1934 fire. The German forces occupied Varyazh in June 1941. During WWII, a labour camp was in the town. The Jewish population of Varyazh perished during the Holocaust.

3D model allows us to get topographical information from the site with high accuracy later we use this model to produce a proposed design with fence that could be constructed for the site preservation.
You can get a link to download 3D model by request if you email us.