Surveys in Ukraine

ESJF 2019/20 surveys in five European countries

Turka Jewish Cemetery

Drone survey :
Turka Jewish Сemetery
Turka Jewish Сemetery
Historical map and perimeter :
Turka Jewish Сemetery

Country:
Ukraine
Region:
Lviv
District:
Turka
Settlement:
Turka
Site Address:
The cemetery site is located opposite the house.
GPS coordinates:
49.15683, 23.03552
Perimeter length:
386 metres
Is the cemetery demolished:
No
Type and height of existing fence:
Type of the fence. The cemetery is fenced on one site, facing the road, by a stone wall.
General Site Condition:
Fenced and protected Jewish cemetery
Number of existing gravestones:
150
Date of Newest Tombstone:
1930
Urgency of erecting a fence:
Low. The cemetery is fenced from one side, and the gate requires repair.
Land Ownership:
Property of Municipality
Mass Graves on Site:
Yes. There is a mass grave on the cemetery site which is marked with a memorial sign.
Drone surveys:
Yes

Information on the cemetery’s establishment is unknown, but it was marked on maps from the 1880s to 1939. Presumably, the cemetery was operating until WWII. It can be supposed that it was vandalised during and after WWII.

The Jews began settling in Turka from 1729. In 1730, nearly 25 Jewish families were residing in Turka. The Jewish community, including 2,368 people, made up half of the total population in 1880. A railroad built through Turka increased the city’s development in the early 20th century. By 1910, the Jewish population had increased to 4,887 (45% of the total population). Most Jews left the city during WWI and returned only when the town was under Austrian administration. The Jewish population decreased to 4,201 individuals (42% of the total population) by 1921. The city was damaged in a fire of 1927. During the interwar period, the children of the community were enrolled in Polish public schools or hederim. The Jewish population numbered 4,500 in 1939, when Sovies annexed the town. It was captured by Nazis on June 27, 1941. In spring 1942, a ghetto was set up. The Jews from surrounding villages were interned here. According to some sources, 5,000 Jews were deported to the extermination camp Belzec on August 5, 1942. Another sources claim that 6,000 Jews were deported in late August of the same year. Some Jews were murdered on the Jewish cemetery. A monument was erected on the Jewish cemetery immediately after liberation and another one, dedicated to Holocaust victims, was installed in 1990.