Surveys in Ukraine

ESJF 2019/20 surveys in five European countries

Skole Jewish Сemetery

Drone survey :
Skole Jewish Сemetery
Historical map and perimeter :
Skole Jewish Сemetery

Country:
Ukraine
Region:
Lviv
District:
Skole
Settlement:
Skole
Site Address:
10, Heroiv Makivki street. The cemetery is located adjacent to a gas station at 10, Heroiv Makivki street.
GPS coordinates:
49.04435,23.50971
Perimeter length:
508 metres
Is the cemetery demolished:
No
Type and height of existing fence:
No fence
General Site Condition:
Unfenced Jewish cemetery. The cemetery site is partially overbuilt. There are gas station facilities on its southern part.
Number of existing gravestones:
5. All preserved gravestones are located in the dense vegetation on the hill.
Date of Oldest Tombstone:
1928
Date of Newest Tombstone:
1940
Urgency of erecting a fence:
Low
Land Ownership:
Property of Municipality
Preserved Construction on Site:
There is a tziyun of Rabi Yehuda Tzvi ben Yosef Shteg of Skole (died in 1887).
Mass Graves on Site:
Yes. There is a mass grave on the cemetery site that marked with the memorial sign.
Drone surveys:
Yes

Information on the cemetery’s establishment is unknown. It occupied a big piece of land on a map of 1880. Presumably, the cemetery was operating till WWII than it was vandalised and later partly built over. The Jews started to settle down in Skole from the early 18th century. The independent Jewish community was created in the mid-18th century. At that time the Jews of Skole were mainly employed in the local match and shovel factories. By 1880, the Jewish population reached 1,333 (65% of the total population). In 1900, it grew to 2,095 (60,8% of the total population). The Zionist organizations became politically influential in the Jewish community of the town. The peak of the Jewish population stood up 3,099 (48,2% of the total population) in 1910. In 1931, 2,674 Jews resided in Skole. To the middle of 1941, the Jewish population increased to approximately 3,000. After the Soviet invasion of Poland in 1939, the Jews engaged in the commerce were forced to stop their trades. The Wehrmacht troops occupied Skole on July 2, 1941. During two operations in early September and middle October 1942, around 2,170 Jews were deported to the Belzec death camp through Stryy. From September 1942 till June and August 1943, two labour camps existed in Skole. In 2003, a monument was erected on the site of the execution of Jews in Skole.

3D model allows us to get topographical information from the site with high accuracy later we use this model to produce a proposed design with fence that could be constructed for the site preservation.
You can get a link to download 3D model by request if you email us.