Surveys in Ukraine

ESJF 2019/20 surveys in five European countries

Rozdil Jewish Cemetery

Drone survey :
Rozdil Jewish Cemetery
Rozdil Jewish Cemetery
Rozdil Jewish Cemetery
Historical map and perimeter :
Rozdil Jewish Cemetery

Country:
Ukraine
Region:
Lviv
District:
Mykolaiv
Settlement:
Rozdil
Site Address:
23, I. Pidkovy Street. The cemetery is located behind the house.
GPS coordinates:
49.46302, 24.05728
Perimeter length:
485 metres
Is the cemetery demolished:
No
Type and height of existing fence:
Type of the fence. Metall fence.
General Site Condition:
Fenced and protected Jewish cemetery
Number of existing gravestones:
200
Date of Oldest Tombstone:
1780
Date of Newest Tombstone:
1887
Urgency of erecting a fence:
Low (the cemetery requires re-fencing).
Land Ownership:
Municipality/Property of local community
Specific Threats:
The locals have begun constructing buildings on the perimeter of the cemetery. They also use the land for cattle grazing.
Drone surveys:
Yes

Information on the cemetery’s establishment is unknown, but it was operating in the middle of the 18th century. It was marked on a map from 1850. Presumably, the cemetery was operating until WWII.

From the early 17th century, when a Jewish community was founded in Rozdil, a wooden synagogue was built, which burnt down in 1907. In 1628, a heder was operating. In 1765, 639 Jews resided in Rozdil. In the first part of the 19th century, a Hasidic court was founded by Yehuda-Zvi Eichenstein (1791–1847). In 1886, a Hasidic court was also founded by Pinhos-Haim Taub (1867–1935). In 1880, the Jewish population rose to 2,465 (54% of the total population). It decreased slightly to 2,262 (49% of the total population) in 1900, and declined to 1,725 (45% of the total population) in 1921. In the interwar period the Jewish population was engaged in commerce and the economy was in crisis. A new synagogue had been built by 1927. The Jewish population numbered 1,902 in 1931. In June 1941, Nazi forces occupied Rozdil. In early September 1942, nearly 1,000 Jews were deported to the extermination camp Belzec. About 150 Jews were murdered on February 4, 1943.