Surveys in Ukraine

ESJF 2019/20 surveys in five European countries

Rava-Rus'ka Old Jewish Cemetery

Drone survey :
Rava-Rus'ka Old Jewish Сemetery
Rava-Rus'ka Old Jewish Сemetery
Historical map and perimeter :
Rava-Rus'ka Old Jewish Сemetery

Country:
Ukraine
Region:
Lviv
District:
Zhovkva
Settlement:
Rava-Rus'ka
Site Address:
The cemetery territory is located on the site of the city park on the corner of Yaroslava Mudrogo Street and Lvivska Street.
GPS coordinates:
50.23006, 23.62504
Perimeter length:
745 metres
Is the cemetery demolished:
No
Type and height of existing fence:
No fence
General Site Condition:
Demolished and overbuilt Jewish cemetery
Number of existing gravestones:
No tombstones preserved
Urgency of erecting a fence:
Fence is not needed (overbuilt)
Land Ownership:
N/A
Drone surveys:
Yes

Information on the cemetery’s establishment is not available, but it was marked on maps from 1860s until the 1950s. It can be supposed that it was demolished and built over in the 1950 and 1960s. Jewish residents are recorded as early as the city’s foundation in 1624. In the early period of the city’s existence, Jews were involved in trading and alcohol distillation. The community became independent in the late 18th century. In 1788 to 1806, a Jewish school run by Hertz Gomberg was operating. In 1880, the Jewish population of Rava-Rus’ka numbered 3,878 (60% of the total population), increasing to 6,112 (57% of the total population) by 1910. A Hasidic court, founded by Ihl-Ishiyagu Rapoport (1861–1899) was active here from 1892. A school for Jewish children with support from Baron Hirsch was established in 1896. In the early 1920s, a Hasidic court in the town was founded by Arie-Leybush Rokeh (1855–1932). In 1920s, Sholom Rokeah founded another Hasidic court. The Jewish population numbered 5,048 (56% of the total population) in 1921. The Nazis occupied Rava-Rus’ka from September 10 to 23, 1939 and again on June 27, 1941. Jewish residents of Nemirov, Maheriv, Potelych and other surrounding villages were imprisoned in a ghetto. In May 1942, 6,700 Jews were interned in the ghetto. Around 3,500 Jews were deported to the extermination camp Belzec in two actions in March and July 1942. During the liquidation of the ghetto on December 7, 1942, 3,000 Jews were executed, a few thousand were deported to Belzec, and the remaining population to labour camps.