Surveys in Ukraine

ESJF 2019/20 surveys in five European countries

Probizhna Jewish Cemetery

Drone survey :
Probizhna Jewish Cemetery
Probizhna Jewish Cemetery
Historical map and perimeter :
Probizhna Jewish Cemetery

Country:
Ukraine
Region:
Ternopyl
District:
Chortkiv
Settlement:
Probizhna
Site Address:
To reach the cemetery, turn to Bohdana Khmel'nyts’koho Street from the main village street. Proceed for about 460 metres. The cemetery is located to the right of the road.
GPS coordinates:
49.02621, 25.97794
Perimeter length:
549 metres
Is the cemetery demolished:
No
Type and height of existing fence:
No fence
General Site Condition:
Unfenced Jewish cemetery. The cemetery is slightly overgrown. It requires clearing and fencing.
Number of existing gravestones:
30
Date of Oldest Tombstone:
1916 (oldest found by ESJF expedition)
Date of Newest Tombstone:
1938 (latest found by ESJF expedition)
Urgency of erecting a fence:
High
Land Ownership:
Municipality/Property of local community
Drone surveys:
Yes

The exact period of the cemetery’s establishment is unknown. It arrives on the Austro-Hungarian First Military Survey map of 1780s, and later on the maps of 19th century and 1930s. The earliest preserved gravestone relates to the beginning of the 20th century.

Jews of Probizhna are first mentioned in 1569. In the first half of the19th century, a community existed. By the same time, two synagogues and a cemetery operated. In 1880, 978 Jews resided (41% of the total population). In the late 19th century, many Jews of Probizhna immigrated to the U.S. These immigrants started a charity for their home community in 1904.

In 1900, the Jewish population was 1,207 (42% of the total population) and reached a peak of 1,226 (39,1% of the total population) in 1921. In the inter-war period, the Zionism spread in the town. The youth Zionist organizations such as Ahava, Beitar, Ha-Shomer Ha-Tzair, and Gordonia were active. The Zionist group Beit Am operated a library. Hebrew courses were opened in 1923. In early July 1941, the Wehrmacht troops occupied Probizhna. In September and October 1942, the Jews of Probizhna were sent to the Belzec death camp and Kopychyntsi ghetto.

3D model allows us to get topographical information from the site with high accuracy later we use this model to produce a proposed design with fence that could be constructed for the site preservation.
You can get a link to download 3D model by request if you email us.