Surveys in Ukraine

ESJF 2019/20 surveys in five European countries

Pidkamin' Jewish Cemetery

Drone survey :
Pidkamin' Jewish Cemetery
Historical map and perimeter :
Pidkamin' Jewish Cemetery
Country:
Ukraine
Region:
Lviv
District:
Brody
Settlement:
Pidkamin'
Site Address:
42, Tarnovs'koho Street. The cemetery is located opposite the house at 42, Tarnovs'koho Street.
GPS coordinates:
49.94579,25.31201
Perimeter length:
373 metres
Is the cemetery demolished:
Yes
Type and height of existing fence:
No fence
General Site Condition:
Demolished Jewish cemetery that has not been built over. The cemetery site is used for private gardening and cattle grazing.
Number of existing gravestones:
ESJF expedition discovered the only one fragment of the gravestone with the inscription and brought it to the cemetery. There are few fragments of gravestones laying at the cemetery site.
Urgency of erecting a fence:
Low
Land Ownership:
Private
Drone surveys:
Yes

The exact period of the cemetery’s establishment is unknown. First, it appears on Polish maps of 1939. According to locals, the cemetery was demolished during the Soviet era. Jews were present in Pidkamin’ in the 17th century. The Jewish community was initially subordinated to the Lviv Kehila. In the second half of the 18th century, it received independence. In 1765, the Jewish population numbered 922. The head of rabbinical court Haim Landau (1707–1797) was born in Pidkamin’. The Jewish population was 1,522 (47.6% of the total population) in 1880, and increased to 1,591 (46.5% of the total population) in 1890. In 1900, 1,448 Jews resided (42.2% of the total population) in the village. The Jewish community reached a peak of the growth of a population of more than 2,000 people in 1910. By that time, four synagogues operated. During WWI, many houses in the village were destroyed. By 1921, the Jewish population declined to 822 (27.5% of the total population). Jews were evacuated to the Austrian or Hungarian evacuation camps in 1916-1920 and emigrated to the USA or Canada in 1920. On July 3, 1941, the Wehrmacht troops occupied Pidkamin’. During the pogrom, staged by the locals immediately after the occupation, four synagogues were burned. During the occupation, Jews were forced to pave roads with the gravestone from the Jewish cemetery. In January 1942, 927 Jews remained in the village. In August and September 1942, more than 600 Jews were murdered. On December 3, 1942, over 200 people were deported to the Brody ghetto.