Surveys in Ukraine

ESJF 2019/20 surveys in five European countries

Kulykiv Jewish Cemetery

Drone survey :
Kulykiv Jewish Cemetery
Historical map and perimeter :
Kulykiv Jewish Cemetery
Country:
Ukraine
Region:
Lviv
District:
Zhovkva
Settlement:
Kulykiv
Site Address:
50, Shevchenka Street. The cemetery site is located adjacent to the house at 50, Shevchenka Street.
GPS coordinates:
49.98031,24.07074
Perimeter length:
384 metres
Is the cemetery demolished:
Yes
Type and height of existing fence:
No fence
General Site Condition:
Demolished and overbuilt Jewish cemetery. Private houses were built over the north-eastern and central parts of the cemetery site. The southern part of the site is undeveloped, and a waste dump is located there.
Number of existing gravestones:
No tombstones preserved
Urgency of erecting a fence:
Fence is not needed (overbuilt)
Land Ownership:
Private or the property Municipality. The ownership of the wasteland is the subject of a court case. It was sold by the local municipality, and then somehow returned.
Preserved Construction on Site:
There are foundations of two demolished buildings on the site. According to locals, one of them was used as a mikvah.
Specific Threats:
The cemetery site is used as a waste dump.
Drone surveys:
Yes

The exact period of the cemetery’s establishment is unknown. First, it appears on cadastral maps of 1850. Later it was also marked on the 3rd military survey of the Austro-Hungarian Empire in the 1880s. The Jews settled in Kulykiv in the mid-16th century. In 1765, 268 Jews resided in Kulykiv. The Council of Four Lands carried out meetings in the town a few times during the 17th and 18th century. The Jewish community was subordinated to the Lviv Kehila until the 17th century. By this time, a synagogue and a cemetery were established. At the beginning of the 19th century, Rabbi Shlomo Kluger (1785–1869), aka Solomon ben Judah Aaron Kluger, was an Av Beit -Din of Brody, and simultaneously he fulfilled the duties of a rabbi in Kulykiv, Rava-Ruska and Lublin. In 1880, the number of Jewish residents of Kulykiv stood at 1,124 (34.8% of the total population). By 1921, the Jewish population dropped to 509 (17.6% of the total population). In late June 1941, the Wehrmacht troops occupied Kulikov. On July 1, 1941, the Ukrainian police staged a pogrom. In September 1941, two labour camps were established in the surrounding villages. On November 25, 1942, 586 Jews were deported to the Belzec death camp, and the remnants were expelled to the Zhovkva ghetto.