Surveys in Ukraine

ESJF 2019/20 surveys in five European countries

Kamyanka-Buz'ka Old Jewish Cemetery

Historical map and perimeter :
Kamyanka-Buz'ka Old Jewish Cemetery

Site Address:
20. Street Nezalezhnosti. The cemetery is located at the crossroads of Nezalezhnosti and Richna Street, adjacent to the house at 20, Nezalezhnosti Street.
GPS coordinates:
Perimeter length:
553 metres
Is the cemetery demolished:
Type and height of existing fence:
No fence
General Site Condition:
Demolished and overbuilt Jewish cemetery. A cinema and publishing house are built over the western part of the cemetery site. A public park is located on the eastern part.
Number of existing gravestones:
About 60 fragments of gravestones are stored in the yard of the publishing house. These fragments should be checked and cleared for the exact dating of the cemetery site.
Urgency of erecting a fence:
Land Ownership:
Property of Municipality
Drone surveys:
No. The local authorities did not permit drone surveying.

The exact period of the cemetery’s establishment is unknown. It appears on Austro-Hungarian maps of the 1880s. But most probably the cemetery was founded much earlier, in 17-18th century. The first records of Jews date to 1465. In 1589, the Jewish community obtained the right to purchase houses and engage in trade. In 1627, the community got permission to build a synagogue. 552 Jews lived in Kamyanka in 1765. In 1837, Sholom Rosenfeld (1800–1852) founded the Hasidic dynasty. In the late 19th – early 20th century, the Jewish population was constantly growing from 2,922 (47.8% of the total population) in 1880 to 3,549 (43.8% of the total population) in 1910, it reached the peak of 3,142 people and almost the half of the total population 48.4% in 1890. During WWI the condition of the Jewish community worsen, and by 1921, it numbered 2,685 (41.2% of the total population). In the interwar period, the Zionist movement was popular among the Jews. In 1931, the Jewish population increased again to 3,283. On June 28, 1941, the Wehrmacht troops occupied Kamyanka. On September 15, 1942, around 1,500 Jews were deported to the Belzec death camp.