Surveys in Slovakia

ESJF 2019/20 surveys in five European countries

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Results are being updated regularly.

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Brezovica Jewish Cemetery

Drone survey :
Brezovica Jewish Cemetery

Historical map and perimeter :
Brezovica Jewish Cemetery

Country:
Slovakia
Region:
Presov
District:
Okres Sabinov
Settlement:
Brezovica
Site Address:
From the main road, turn left at the pizzeria on the hill and continue to the end of the road. The cemetery can be found downhill to the right.
GPS coordinates:
49.149039, 20.846361
Perimeter length:
265 metres
Is the cemetery demolished:
No
Type and height of existing fence:
Type of the fence. The cemetery site is surrounded by a 1 metre tall stone wall.
General Site Condition:
Fenced and protected Jewish cemetery. The cemetery is well maintained.
Number of existing gravestones:
250
Urgency of erecting a fence:
Fence is not needed
Traces of Vandalism:
Yes. There are multiple broken tombstones.
Land Ownership:
Municipality/Property of local community
Drone surveys:
Yes

The Brezovica Jewish Cemetery existed in the beginning of the 19th century, with one of the matzevot dating back to 1822. It can be found marked on an Austrian map of the region from the 1880s and was surveyed and described in 2007 by the Heritage Foundation for the Preservation of Jewish Cemeteries (HFPJC), who erected a stone wall around it.

Jews supposedly settled in Brezovica in the early 19th century, with a private house serving as the community’s first synagogue, before the construction of a wooden one in 1828. Rabbi Joseph Gazfried (author of Kesset ha-Sofer and other halachic books) was Rabbi of Brezovica from 1843-1851.

In 1870, a new Synagogue was built. By 1900, Brezovica had a population of 1,254, 161 of whom were Jewish. In 1925, a fire destroyed a number of Jewish properties, including the home of the local Rabbi. In 1940, the village was home to 85 Jews.

The deportation of Jewish residents began in March 1942. Of the Jews who were able to remain in the village, some went to join the partisans. In 1948, following the war, 5 Jews remained in the village. They were repatriated to Israel a year later. Today, there are no Jews in the village.