Surveys in Moldova

ESJF 2019/20 surveys in five European countries

Balyn Jewish Cemetery

Drone survey :
Balyn Jewish Cemetery
Historical map and perimeter :
Balyn Jewish Cemetery

Country:
Ukraine
Region:
Khmelnytskyy
District:
Dunaivtsi
Settlement:
Balyn
Site Address:
The cemetery is located adjacent to the house at 23, Kamyanets'-Podil's'ka Street.
GPS coordinates:
48.87576,26.66208
Perimeter length:
357 metres
Is the cemetery demolished:
No
Type and height of existing fence:
Type of the fence. The cemetery is partly surrounded by remnants of a stone wall.
General Site Condition:
Unfenced Jewish cemetery. The old part of the cemetery is severely overgrown. It requires clearing. The new part on the hill is well-maintained.
Number of existing gravestones:
63 (and few fragments). Several old gravestones are buried or covered in the vegetation.
Date of Oldest Tombstone:
1722 (oldest found by ESJF expedition)
Date of Newest Tombstone:
1919 (latest found by ESJF expedition)
Urgency of erecting a fence:
High
Land Ownership:
Municipality/Property of local community
Drone surveys:
Yes

The exact period of the cemetery’s establishment is unknown, but the oldest preserved gravestone relates to the early 18th century. Presumably, first, it was marked on Russian maps of the 1870s. Jews are known from the 18th century. Half of the Jewish community was murdered during the Haidamac massacres. In the 19th century, a synagogue existed. In 1896, Israel-Yehuda Gen became a head of the Rabbinical Court. In the 19th century, the Jews mostly earned their living in crafts. In 1897, 357 Jews (22% of the total population) resided in Balyn. The Germans occupied the town on July 10, 1941. In autumn 150 Jews were murdered outside the town. According to other information, the Jews of Balyn were imprisoned in the ghetto of Dunayivtsi, where they were subsequently executed. On September 4, 1942, 250 Jewish lives were claimed, and artisans were deported to Kamyanets-Podils’kyy.