Surveys in Greece

ESJF 2019/20 surveys in five European countries

Horodok New Jewish Cemetery

Drone survey :
Horodok New Jewish Cemetery
Horodok New Jewish Cemetery
Horodok New Jewish Cemetery
Historical map and perimeter :
Horodok New Jewish Cemetery

Country:
Ukraine
Region:
Lviv
District:
Horodok
Settlement:
Horodok
Site Address:
The cemetery is located adjacent to the house at 39, Zastavs'ka Street.
GPS coordinates:
49.79951,23.6315
Perimeter length:
362 metres
Is the cemetery demolished:
Yes
Type and height of existing fence:
No fence
General Site Condition:
Unfenced Jewish cemetery. The western part of the cemetery site is in agricultural use. Private houses were built over the eastern part of the cemetery site.
Number of existing gravestones:
1. One gravestone was found in the woods next to the site. Its GPS location is 49.79979, 23.63056. Clearing of the site may reveal more gravestones.
Urgency of erecting a fence:
High
Land Ownership:
State
Drone surveys:
Yes

The exact period of the cemetery’s establishment is unknown. Presumably, it appears on maps of Wojskowy Instytut Geograficzny (WIG) of 1939. Jews settled in Horodok in 1445. In 1765, 788 Jews resided in Horodok (Greiding, in Yiddish). In the 17th and 18th century, the Jews were mainly engaged in commerce. The Jewish population was 2,952 (29,18% of the total population) in 1880 and slightly increased to 3,610 (30,4% of the total population) in 1900. In 1910, 3,866 Jews were inhabitants of the town. At the same year, a synagogue, Beit-Midrash and yeshiva operated. Belz Hasidism predominated in Horodok. After WWI, the Jewish population declined to 2,545 (24% of the total population) by 1921. In the interwar period, all the branches of the Zionist movements were active in Horodok. In 1927, a Bikur-Holim Society was established. In 1931, the Jewish population was 3,281. The Wehrmacht troops captured Horodok on June 29, 1941. During two actions on May 7 and August 13, 1942, many Jews of Horodok were deported to labour camps and the Belzec death camp. On December 26, 1942, 1,300 inhabitants of the Horodok ghetto were murdered. The labour camp was liquidated in May 1943. 20 Jews stood alive by the moment of liberation in July 1944.