Zveniachyn Jewish Cemetery

Cemetery Information

Country
Ukraine
Region
Chernivtsi
District
Zastavna
Settlement
Zveniachyn
Site address
Zveniachyn Jewish Cemetery
GPS coordinates
48.624, 25.73347
Perimeter length
193 metres
Is the cemetery demolished
no
Type and height of existing fence
No fence
Preservation condition
Fenced and protected Jewish cemetery
General site condition
Unfenced Jewish cemetery. The cemetery is severely overgrown. It requires clearing and fencing.
Number of existing gravestones
50
Date of oldest tombstone
1880s
Date of newest tombstone
1937
Urgency of erecting a fence
High
Land ownership
Property of local community
Preserved construction on site
Drone surveys
No

Historical overview

The exact period of the cemetery’s establishment is unknown, but it was marked on maps of the 1860s and 1880s. Presumably, the Jewish Cemetery was established at the beginning of the 19th century and was operating until WWII, the latest preserved gravestone relates to 1937. The Jewish cemetery was partly demolished during WWII.

The first two Jewish families resided in Zvenyachyn in the 18th century. The Jewish community became organised in the first half of the 19th century. In the 1830s, a synagogue and a Jewish cemetery were operated. In 1898, a charity was established. In the early 20th century, the Bikur Hoilim society was established. About 130 Jews were inhabitants of the village at that time. Around 30 Jews immigrated to Palestine in the pre-war period. In 1940, the Jewish population grew to 105. In autumn 1941, the Jews of Zvenyachyn were deported to the Chernivtsi ghetto. Many Jews perished during the construction of the Kamenetz-Podolsk labour camp, where they were expelled in 1942.