Zhuravno Jewish Cemetery

Cemetery Information

Country
Ukraine
Region
Lviv
District
Zhydachiv
Settlement
Zhuravno
Site address
Zhuravno Jewish Cemetery
GPS coordinates
49.25675,24.28939
Perimeter length
271 metres
Is the cemetery demolished
no
Type and height of existing fence
No fence
Preservation condition
Fenced and protected Jewish cemetery
General site condition
Unfenced Jewish cemetery. The cemetery is slightly overgrown. It requires clearing.
Number of existing gravestones
20
Date of oldest tombstone
1895
Date of newest tombstone
1925
Urgency of erecting a fence
High
Land ownership
Municipality
Preserved construction on site
Drone surveys
No

Historical overview

Information on the cemetery’s establishment is unknown. First, it was marked on a map of 1848. It can be supposed that it was partly demolished after WWII. The Jewish community of Zhuravno was established in the 18th century. In 1765, 566 Jews lived in the town. From that time, Rabbi Moshe-Shaul (died in 1759) fulfilled the duties of the rabbi. The Jews of Zhuravno were involved in bartending, loaning and trade. In 1908, a Heder Metukan was opened by Rabbi Pinchas Horowitz. By 1910, four synagogues and a Jewish cemetery existed. The Jewish population reached a peak of 2197 (69% of the total population) in 1880, but it was reducing year by year until it dropped to 865 (44.9% of the total population) in 1921. Around 1000 Jews resided in Zhuravno in 1931. The Wehrmacht troops occupied the town on July 3, 1941. On September 5, 1942, a few hundreds of Jews were deported to the Belzec extermination camp. In September 1942, a ghetto was established. From February 4, 1943, till June 5, 1943, sporadical murders of the Jewish population of Zhuravno happened.