Zelenopil Jewish Cemetery

Cemetery Information

Country
Ukraine
Region
Zaporizhya
District
Rozovsky
Settlement
Zelenopil'
Site address
From the southeastern exit from the village, turn to the right and drive for 240m, on the left side there is a municipal cemetery with a Jewish section.
GPS coordinates
47.54409, 36.85629
Perimeter length
298 мetres
Is the cemetery demolished
no
Type and height of existing fence
Not fenced
Preservation condition
Jewish section
General site condition
The Jewish section within the municipal cemetery is covered with seasonal vegetation. This is a Jewish sector in the municipal cemetery. The new tombstone is in the municipal part. In places the perimeter is visible.
Number of existing gravestones
There are 13 gravestones. Several Jewish graves are in the municipal cemetery. There is an older gravestone which is unreadable. It is likely that it dates to the pre-war period.
Date of oldest tombstone
1952 (the earliest tombstone found by ESJF).
Date of newest tombstone
2018 (the latest tombstone found by ESJF).
Urgency of erecting a fence
High
Land ownership
Municipality
Preserved construction on site
No
Drone surveys
Yes

Historical overview

The exact period of the cemetery’s establishment is unknown. Given that the oldest preserved tombstone dates to the pre-war period, it can be gathered the cemetery was founded in that era. It cannot be found marked on old maps of the region.

Jewish Colony Number 12 in Zelenopil’ (Ukr. Зеленопіль, Rus. Зеленополь) was founded by Jews from the Vilno and Vitebsk Governorates. The popular nickname Miadler (Yid. מיאַדלער) is derived from Miadel, a town in present-day Belarus. In 1897, 658 Jews lived in the colony (90% of the total population). The community maintained a synagogue and a school. During the Civil War of 1918–21, the colony survived several pogroms. The Soviet authorities created a collective farm named Emes in 1929. Zelenopil’ was the seat of a village council that united four Jewish colonies in the area. The Germans arrived in October 1941, and the 73 Jews who remained in Zelenopil’ were murdered in December 1941. Jews lived Zelenopil’ after World War II.

It is not known when exactly the cemetery was founded.

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