Zakharivka Jewish Cemetery

Cemetery Information

Country
Ukraine
Region
Odessa
District
Zakharivka
Settlement
Zakharivka
Site address
Zakharivka Jewish Cemetery
GPS coordinates
47.32335, 29.75352
Perimeter length
520 metres
Is the cemetery demolished
no
Type and height of existing fence
No fence
Preservation condition
Fenced and protected Jewish cemetery
General site condition
Unfenced Jewish cemetery. The cemetery is abandoned. Its old part is used for cattle grazing, and a post-WWII part of the cemetery is overgrown with bushes.
Number of existing gravestones
Around 200. There is an old plot on which mainly only gravestone bases without inscriptions are preserved, and a post-WWII plot, which is well-preserved, but severely overgrown. There is one metal cross at the cemetery without inscription (probably a Christian grave of post-WWII period).
Date of oldest tombstone
1851 (oldest found by ESJF expedition)
Date of newest tombstone
1982
Urgency of erecting a fence
High
Land ownership
Municipality
Preserved construction on site
Drone surveys
No

Historical overview

The cemetery already existed in 1851, as evident from tombstone dating. It is marked as Jewish on a Russian topographic map from 1941. It seems that most of the tombstones from the old part of the cemetery were removed from the site, probably for construction purposes. The cemetery has a post-WWII part, which was used until 1982.

The first evidence of Jewish community in Zakharivka is the oldest tombstone on the Jewish cemetery from 1851. In 1897, the Jewish population numbered 1,732 (48% of the total population). The majority of local Jews were active in agriculture. In the 1920s, a Jewish colony was founded, named Frunzovka after 1927. Around this time, there were 25 Jewish families from Rashkiv and several local families living in the area. A Jewish elementary school was opened. In 1939, the Jewish population numbered 520. On August 3, 1941, Nazi troops occupied the village. 56 Jews were murdered on October 4, 1941. Among the total of 97 people who are known to have been executed in Zakharivka during WWII, it is presumed that all were Jewish. According to the tombstone inscriptions, there was a Jewish population in Zakharivka after WWII at least until the 1980s.