Yaruha New Jewish Cemetery

Cemetery Information

Country
Ukraine
Region
Vinnytsia
District
Mogilev-Podolsky
Settlement
Yaruha
Site address
The cemetery is located across the street from 126 Dnistrovskaya Street.
GPS coordinates
48.33258, 28.03426
Perimeter length
556 мetres
Is the cemetery demolished
no
Type and height of existing fence
The perimeter is surrounded by a destroyed masonry wall.
Preservation condition
Fenced and protected Jewish cemetery
General site condition
The cemetery is partly covered with dense seasonal vegetation and requires clearance . There is a mass grave on the site.
Number of existing gravestones
Approximately 200 tombstones.
Date of oldest tombstone
1925 (the earliest tombstone found by ESJF).
Date of newest tombstone
2004 (the latest tombstone found by ESJF).
Urgency of erecting a fence
Low
Land ownership
Municipality
Preserved construction on site
There is a ruined building of some sort on the site.
Drone surveys
No

Historical overview

The exact period of the cemetery’s establishment is unknown. According to the Commission on the Preservation of Jewish Heritage, the cemetery was founded in the 19th century. It can be found marked on a Russian map of the region from the 1900s.

The town of Yaruha was first mentioned in 1617. From 1569 the region belonged to the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. In the mid 17th century there were apparently 40 Jewish households. In 1765, there were 63 Jewish residents. In 1748, Yaruha had 14 Jewish households with more than 60 people, the community included Jews from the surroundings and numbered 126 people; in 1787, 55 Jews in 16 households lived in Yaruha.
In 1793, after the Second partition of Poland, Yaruha came under the control of the Russian Empire, and became a part of the Podolia Governorate (Podolskaya Gubernia). At that period the main Jewish business was wine making. In 1847, the Jewish community of Yaruha numbered 224. In 1853, a stone synagogue and a wooden prayer house, for 171 people, were built in the town. In 1897, the Jewish population of Yaruha comprised half of the town’s total population: 1271 of 2506.
The Jewish population of Yaruha suffered greatly during World War I and the civil war in Russia. In December 1919, a pogrom in Yaruha claimed a number of victims.
After 1922, Yaruha became a part of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic within the USSR. A Jewish school and Jewish council (soviet) were in operation from the mid-1920s to the late 1930s. In 1926, the Jewish population was 1833. Most Jews earned their livelihoods in a Jewish kolkhoz (151 families in 1939) which continued to exist for a while after the liberation in March 1944. Wine production and tobacco cultivation were other important sources of income.
The Germans captured Yaruha on the 18th-19th July 1941, in September it was included in the Transnistria Governorate. Under Romanian administration, a ghetto was established and over 1000 Jews deported from Bukovina and Bessarabia arrived in the town. In spring 1942, a hospital and a free canteen were established in the ghetto. Some Jews from Yaruha were murdered while others were deported to Mohiliv-Podilski and shared the fate of the Jews there.
In 1991, after the collapse of the Soviet Union,Yaruha became a part of the independent Ukraine..
The new Jewish cemetery of Yaruha today contains around 200 gravestones, which date back to between the 20th and the early 21st centuries.

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