Yarmolyntsi New Jewish Cemetery

Cemetery Information

Country
Ukraine
Region
Khmelnytskyy
District
Yarmolyntsi
Settlement
Yarmolyntsi
Site address
On the way from Kadyivka to Yarmolyntsi, turn west after the sign reading "Yarmolyntsi" and continue for 200 meters along the field. The cemetery is located in the wood next to the fields.
GPS coordinates
49.20666, 26.81746
Perimeter length
426 metres
Is the cemetery demolished
no
Type and height of existing fence
No fence
Preservation condition
Unfenced Jewish cemetery
General site condition
The cemetery is located in the woods and is therefore severely overgrown with trees and bushes. Almost all of the tombstones are toppled or broken. Due to the dense vegetation, it is difficult to access many of the tombstones.
Number of existing gravestones
About 500
Date of oldest tombstone
The oldest found is dated 1889.
Date of newest tombstone
The latest found is dated 1991.
Urgency of erecting a fence
High
Land ownership
State
Preserved construction on site
There is a monument dedicated to two envoys - Rabbi Bernard Cantor and Israel Friedlander, both killed July 5th 1920 in Yarmolyntsi. The monument was installed by families of the dead, the local foundation "Khesed Besht", and the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee in 2002.
Drone surveys
No

Historical overview

The Jewish cemetery was most likely established in the 19th century. According to epigraphic data, it already existed in the second half of the 19th century and was operational till the late 20th century. It first appears on Russian map from 1907.

Jews were present in Yarmolyntsi from the second half of the 18th century. In 1765, there were 253 Jews in here and the number diminished four times after the Haidamak raid in 1775. Weekly markets and fairs made a trade the key sphere where Jews were involved in from the 18th century. The amount of the Jewish population reached a peak 2,633 in 1897. A synagogue and a number of prayer houses existed. On July 5, 1920, in the period of the Soviet-Polish war, delegates of the JDC professor Israel Friedlaender and the rabbi Bernard Cantor were murdered. In the Soviet period, Yarmolyntsi the Jewish rural council was active in thee town. The Jewish population stood at 1,733 in 1931 and had fallen to 1,264 on the eve of the WWII. The town was captured by the Nazis on July 8, 1941. On September 2, 1942, a ghetto was erected. In a month Jews from the adjoint towns were confined in it. According to some sources, 14,000 Jews were victimized during the period of occupation.

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