Wolborz Jewish Cemetery

Cemetery Information

Country
Poland
Region
Łódzkie Voivodeship
District
Piotrków Trybunalski
Settlement
Wolbórz
Site address
The cemetery is located in the middle of woods. There are signs leading from Zwierzyniec Street towards the cemetery.
GPS coordinates
51.4907963, 19.8600519
Perimeter length
276 metres
Is the cemetery demolished
yes
Type and height of existing fence
No fence
Preservation condition
Demolished Jewish cemetery that has not been built over
General site condition
The destroyed cemetery is located in the middle of the forest along Zwierzyniec Street. There are signposts leading to the cemetery. The area of the cemetery is surrounded by small boulders. No tombstones have survived. In the middle of the cemetery there is something made of stone that could be the basis of a tombstone, which is the only trace of the former cemetery.
Number of existing gravestones
No tombstones preserved
Date of oldest tombstone
N/A
Date of newest tombstone
N/A
Urgency of erecting a fence
High
Land ownership
Other
Preserved construction on site
No
Drone surveys
Yes

Historical overview

Wolbórz was granted town rights in 1273. Until the 18th century, owing to the De Non-Tolerandis Iudaeis privilege, Jews settled in the neighbouring village of Wesoła. In 1808, a year after the privilege was abolished, 39 Jews lived in Wolbórz, constituting 5% of the total population. In the 1830’s, the Hasidic Tzadik, Rabbi Issachar Dow Ber ha-Kohen Tornheim settled in the town and established his court. There was an orchestra and choir in the town. In 1862, a Jewish community (kehilla) was established, and Issachar Dow Ber ha-Kohen Tornheim became a rabbi. 437 Jews lived in the town in 1897 (26% of the total population), and 443 in 1921 (20% of the total population). During World War II, in October 1942, the Germans deported over 400 people to the Piotrków Trybunalski Ghetto, and then to the extermination camp in Treblinka. Only 20 Jews from Wolbórz survived the war.

The cemetery is located in a forest about 2 km southeast of the town centre, in a place called Gadki. It covers an area of approximately 0.4 hectares. The cemetery was likely established in 1862 when the independent Jewish community in Wolbórz was founded. During World War II, the cemetery was significantly damaged, and continued to fall into disrepair in the post-war years. Tombstones and fragments of the wall were used for—among other things—construction material. The last matzevot were removed from the cemetery in the 1980’s. Only the outline of the demolished wall surrounding the cemetery has survived. The area of the cemetery is covered with vegetation, and it is not marked or commemorated.