Vyshhorodok Old Jewish Cemetery

Cemetery Information

Country
Ukraine
Region
Ternopyl
District
Lanivtsi
Settlement
Vyshhorodok
Site address
Vyshhorodok Old Jewish Cemetery
GPS coordinates
49.76592, 25.97230
Perimeter length
495 metres
Is the cemetery demolished
no
Type and height of existing fence
No fence
Preservation condition
Fenced and protected Jewish cemetery
General site condition
Unfenced Jewish cemetery. The cemetery is slightly overgrown. It requires clearing and fencing. Presumably, the north-eastern part of the site is overbuilt with a ruined barn.
Number of existing gravestones
15
Date of oldest tombstone
1736 (oldest found by ESJF expedition)
Date of newest tombstone
1810 (latest found by ESJF expedition)
Urgency of erecting a fence
High
Land ownership
Property of local community
Preserved construction on site
Drone surveys
No

Historical overview

The exact period of the cemetery’s establishment is unknown. According to the dates on preserved gravestones, it can be assumed that the cemetery already existed in the first part of the 18th century.
In 1847, 1018 Jews were inhabitants of Vyshhorodok. In 1863, several synagogues operated. The Jews of Vyshhorodok were followers of Trysk Hasidism. The first Zionist organization was established in the 1910s. In December 1917, a pogrom happened in the town. Many Jews fled during the WWI and returned to Vyshhorodok after the end of the war. In the 1920s, four synagogues operated. In 1921, the Jewish population declined to 944 (96,7% of the total population). In the 1920-30s, Meir Frenkel served as a rabbi. In the 1920s, a Tarbut school functioned in the town. In the 1920-30s, the Jewish parties and organizations operated. The Jewish Youth movements were represented by Ha-Shomer Ha-Tzair, Ha-Halutz and Beitar. Ha-Halutz assisted its participants to immigrate to Mandatory Palestine. On March 16, 1942, the Jews of Vyshhorodok were isolated in the Vyshnivets ghetto. On August 11, 1942, all the prisoners were executed during the ghetto liquidation.