Voznesens’k Old Jewish Cemetery

Cemetery Information

Country
Moldova
Region
Kishinev
District
Voznesensk
Settlement
Voznesensk
Site address
Voznesens'k Old Jewish Cemetery
GPS coordinates
47.57623, 31.32435
Perimeter length
763 metres. The perimeter is approximate and drawn up with help of recollections of local historian and head of the Jewish community, Boris Sokolov.
Is the cemetery demolished
yes
Type and height of existing fence
No fence
Preservation condition
Demolished and overbuilt Jewish cemetery
General site condition
Demolished and overbuilt Jewish cemetery. On the territory of the cemetery today are located a furniture and weaving factory (addresses 79 and 87, Sobornosti Street). The territory also houses the College of the Mykolayiv National Agrarian University (1, Osypenka Street), the Seventh Day Adventist Church (10, Osypenka Street), as well as private houses on 90 to 98, Sobornosti Street, and 4 to 8 Osypenka Street.
Number of existing gravestones
No tombstones preserved
Date of oldest tombstone
Date of newest tombstone
Urgency of erecting a fence
Fence is not needed
Land ownership
Private
Preserved construction on site
Drone surveys
Yes

Historical overview

According to local historian Boris Sokolov, the Jewish cemetery in Voznesens’k appeared in a second half of the 19th century. During WWII, it was destroyed and the gravestones were used by Germans for construction of the Bolgarskiy bridge over the river Mertvovod. It is possible that the Voznesens’k New Jewish cemetery developed out of a part of the town’s old Jewish cemetery. Jews supposedly began to settle in Voznesens’k after the Russian-Turkish wars, in late 18th until the early 19th century. In 1863, 778 Jews were living in Voznesens’k. In 1863, a synagogue was operating. The Jewish population had reached 5,932 (38% of the total population) in 1897. In 1909, two government schools for boys and girls, as well as a Talmud Tora were functioning. Seven synagogues were operating in the city in 1910. In 1925, seven Jewish families from Voznesens’k founded the Jewish farming society in the region of Kherson. The Jewish population numbered 6,177 in 1920, but decreased to 2,843 in 1939. Nazi troops occupied Voznesens’k on August 6, 1941. During the period of occupation, 3,174 people from the region were executed, most of whom were Jewish. There was a Jewish population in Voznesens’k after WWII. Today, the Jewish community of the town numbers 48 people.