Vovkovyntsi Old Jewish Cemetery

Cemetery Information

Country
Ukraine
Region
Khmelnytskyy
District
Derazhnia
Settlement
Vovkovyntsi
Site address
Vovkovyntsi Old Jewish Cemetery
GPS coordinates
49.19253,27.65473
Perimeter length
639 metres. The perimeter is established according to the old maps.
Is the cemetery demolished
yes
Type and height of existing fence
No fence
Preservation condition
Demolished Jewish cemetery that has not been built over
General site condition
Demolished Jewish cemetery that has not been built over. The site is in agricultural use.
Number of existing gravestones
No tombstones preserved
Date of oldest tombstone
Date of newest tombstone
Urgency of erecting a fence
Low
Land ownership
State
Preserved construction on site
Drone surveys
No

Historical overview

The exact period of the cemetery’s establishment is unknown. But since it appears on old maps from the 1860s to 1939, it can be assumed that the cemetery emerged in that period. The cemetery was destroyed during the Soviet era. There are no visible traces of the cemetery and its boundaries today. The earliest records of the Jewish life in Vovkovyntsi relate to 1737. In 1784, 98 Jews were inhabitants of Vovkovyntsi. In 1847, 583 Jews resided in the town. By 1897, the Jewish population reached a peak of 1,168 (56% of the total). In the 19th century, Jews were engaged in crafts. The local Jews owned three mills. Three synagogues operated in the late 19th century. In 1923, the Jewish population reduced to 965, and by 1939, this figure dropped to 764. The German troops occupied the town on July 17, 1941. 396 Jews were executed at the Jewish cemetery in 1941-43. 280 Jews from Vovkovyntsi were deported to Derazhnya, where they were murdered in September 1942.