Velykyy Zhvanchyk Jewish Cemetery

Cemetery Information

Country
Ukraine
Region
Khmelnytskyy
District
Dunaivtsi
Settlement
Velykyy Zhvanchyk
Site address
To reach the cemetery, proceed on Lipins'ka Street to the crossroads with Prysky Street. Turn onto Prysky Street and proceed for 700 metres. The cemetery is located on the left of the road.
GPS coordinates
48.77302, 26.93959
Perimeter length
271 metres. The perimeter was established according to locals.
Is the cemetery demolished
no
Type and height of existing fence
No fence
Preservation condition
Unfenced Jewish cemetery
General site condition
The cemetery site is used for cattle grazing.
Number of existing gravestones
1. There are one gravestone and some fragments without inscriptions on the site.
Date of oldest tombstone
Date of newest tombstone
Urgency of erecting a fence
High
Land ownership
State
Preserved construction on site
Drone surveys
No

Historical overview

The exact period of the cemetery’s establishment is unknown. But since it appears on Russian and Polish maps of the beginning of the 20th century, it can be assumed that the cemetery already existed during that period. According to the 1995 IAJGS expedition, the oldest preserved gravestone relates to the mid 19th century, but it was not detected by ESJF surveyors team in 2019.

There is no much information about Jewish life in Velykyy Zhvanchyk. The earliest mentions about the Jews relate to the 18th century. In 1765, 22 Jews were inhabitants of the village. In 1889, a synagogue operated. In 1895, Abram-Pinkhas Berman (born in 1855) became a rabbi of the community. In 1897, the Jewish population had reached 683 people (22,3% of the total). In 1923, during the Soviet period, 558 Jews resided. In July 1941, the Wehrmacht occupied the village. On September 1, 1941, 1,224 Jews from Velykyy Zhvanchyk and neighbouring villages were executed in the Sokoletz forest.

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