Velyki Lazy Jewish Cemetery

Cemetery Information

Country
Ukraine
Region
Zakarpattia
District
Uzhhorod
Settlement
Velyki Lazy
Site address
Velyki Lazy Jewish Cemetery
GPS coordinates
48.55173, 22.38272
Perimeter length
288 metres
Is the cemetery demolished
no
Type and height of existing fence
Concrete panelled fencing with metal gates, installed by ESJF.
Preservation condition
Fenced and protected Jewish cemetery
General site condition
Fenced and protected Jewish cemetery. The cemetery is in good condition and clean.
Number of existing gravestones
70
Date of oldest tombstone
1877
Date of newest tombstone
1938
Urgency of erecting a fence
Fence is not needed
Land ownership
Property of local community
Preserved construction on site
Drone surveys
Yes

Historical overview

Presumably, the Jewish Cemetery in Velyki Lazy was established during the 19th century. The oldest gravestone dates from 1877, and the latest one to 1938.
Jews are believed to have arrived in the area of Velyki Lazy in the late 18th century. In 1851, the Jewish population numbered 43 (12% of the total population). In 1880, 83 Jews lived here. By 1910, the Jewish population had decreased to 46. In 1921, during the Czechoslovakian period, the Jewish population numbered 31 individuals, and in 1930, the Jewish population counted 26. Hungarians arrived to Velyki Lazy in March 1939 and, in 1941, drafted some Jews into forced labour battalions. Others were sent to the Eastern front, where most perished. By 1941, the Jewish population of the town numbered 27. In the same year, some families without Hungarian citizenship were expelled to Kamenets-Podolski in Nazi-occupied Ukrainian territory and murdered. The remaining Jews of Velyki Lazy were deported to Auschwitz in late May 1944. No Jews live in the town today.