Vasarosnameny Jewish Cemetery 3

Cemetery Information

Country
Hungary
Region
Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg
District
Vásárosnaményi
Settlement
Vásárosnamény
Site address
35, Kossuth Street.
GPS coordinates
48.13112, 22.31321
Perimeter length
123 + 83 metres
Is the cemetery demolished
yes
Type and height of existing fence
No fence.
Preservation condition
Demolished and overbuilt Jewish cemetery
General site condition
The cemetery has been demolished and overbuilt by a gymnasium.
Number of existing gravestones
21 gravestones were transferred to Gergelyiugornya in the 1960’s.
Date of oldest tombstone
N/A
Date of newest tombstone
N/A
Urgency of erecting a fence
Fence is not needed
Land ownership
State
Preserved construction on site
No
Drone surveys
No

Historical overview

There were three Jewish cemeteries in the modern territory of Vásárosnamény. This cemetery was established as early as 1865, since it appears on the cadastral map of that year. It was demolished at an unknown time and built over with a gymnasium.

In 1840, 25 Jews lived in Vásárosnamény. The Jewish population later significantly increased to 239 in 1880, 460 in 1910, and 764 in 1930. The Jewish population peaked in 1941 when Jews accounted for 896 people of the village’s total population (3,755). Jews living in the surrounding villages were a part of the Vásárosnamény Jews community. The community was headed in 1905 by Rabbi Elias Kohn, who was born in Vásárosnamény in 1875. Before he was chosen as Rabbi of the community, he was the Assistant Rabbi in Beregszász, where he probably completed his rabbinical studies. He managed to keep the Orthodox community together, even during the Holocaust. He and his wife Chaja (bat Tova), who was born in Szilágydomoszló in 1883, had 15 children. On Passover in 1944, the Hungarian authorities gathered the Jews in the synagogue and deported them by cart to the Beregszász brick factory in Auschwitz. Rabbi Kohn and his wife were both murdered in Auschwitz.