Turka Jewish Cemetery

Cemetery Information

Country
Ukraine
Region
Lviv
District
Turka
Settlement
Turka
Site address
6, Danila Halickogo Street. The cemetery site is located opposite the house.
GPS coordinates
49.15683, 23.03552
Perimeter length
386 metres
Is the cemetery demolished
no
Type and height of existing fence
The cemetery is fenced on one site, facing the road, by a stone wall.
Preservation condition
Fenced and protected Jewish cemetery
General site condition
The cemetery is fenced from one side, and the gate requires repair.
Number of existing gravestones
150
Date of oldest tombstone
Date of newest tombstone
1930
Urgency of erecting a fence
Low
Land ownership
Municipality
Preserved construction on site
Drone surveys
No

Historical overview

Information on the cemetery’s establishment is unknown, but it was marked on maps from the 1880s to 1939. Presumably, the cemetery was operating until WWII. It can be supposed that it was vandalised during and after WWII.

The Jews began settling in Turka from 1729. In 1730, nearly 25 Jewish families were residing in Turka. The Jewish community, including 2,368 people, made up half of the total population in 1880. A railroad built through Turka increased the city’s development in the early 20th century. By 1910, the Jewish population had increased to 4,887 (45% of the total population). Most Jews left the city during WWI and returned only when the town was under Austrian administration. The Jewish population decreased to 4,201 individuals (42% of the total population) by 1921. The city was damaged in a fire of 1927. During the interwar period, the children of the community were enrolled in Polish public schools or hederim. The Jewish population numbered 4,500 in 1939, when Sovies annexed the town. It was captured by Nazis on June 27, 1941. In spring 1942, a ghetto was set up. The Jews from surrounding villages were interned here. According to some sources, 5,000 Jews were deported to the extermination camp Belzec on August 5, 1942. Another sources claim that 6,000 Jews were deported in late August of the same year. Some Jews were murdered on the Jewish cemetery. A monument was erected on the Jewish cemetery immediately after liberation and another one, dedicated to Holocaust victims, was installed in 1990.

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