Troyaniv Jewish Cemetery

Cemetery Information

Country
Ukraine
Region
Zhytomyr
District
Zhytomyr
Settlement
Troyaniv
Site address
The cemetery is located at the northeastern outskirts of the village. Near No.8 Sheremeta street.
GPS coordinates
314 metres
Perimeter length
Is the cemetery demolished
no
Type and height of existing fence
There is no fence. There are only some graves with fencing.
Preservation condition
Unfenced Jewish cemetery
General site condition
The cemetery is covered with tense seasonal vegetation. It is partly overgrown and needs clearing.
Number of existing gravestones
There are around 250 gravestones.
Date of oldest tombstone
1858 (the earliest tombstone found by ESJF).
Date of newest tombstone
1991 (the latest tombstone found by ESJF).
Urgency of erecting a fence
High
Land ownership
Municipality
Preserved construction on site
No
Drone surveys
Yes

Historical overview

The cemetery was established no later than the mid. 19th century, as the earliest preserved tombstone dates to 1858. On all maps, except for the German one in 1935, a cemetery is marked on this place (it is not indicated that it is Jewish), on the German one it is marked as Christian.

Jews began to settle in Troyaniv (Ukr. Троянів, Rus. Троянов, Yid. טרעיאָנעוו) in the 18th century. In the 19th century, the Jewish population rose from 998 in 1847 to 1,469 (20% of the town) in 1897. The community maintained 2 synagogues. The Jews were attacked during the revolution of 1905–1907, over a dozen were killed and Jewish property was looted. There were 581 Jewish residents in Troyaniv in 1939. The Jews who had failed to evacuate were murdered after the arrival of the Germans in 1941. Troyaniv is the birthplace of the philosopher and Zionist activist A. D. Gordon (1856–1922).
The exact date of the establishment of the cemetery is unknown however the earliest tombstone dates back to 1858.