Tokmak New Jewish Cemetery

Cemetery Information

Country
Ukraine
Region
Zaporizhya
District
Polohovskiy
Settlement
Tokmak
Site address
Starting at No.109 Gogol Street, drive northwest for 50m then turn right. After another 70m you will reach the cemetery.
GPS coordinates
47.26753, 35.71406
Perimeter length
890 мetres
Is the cemetery demolished
no
Type and height of existing fence
The rest of the cemetery is not fenced.
Preservation condition
Unfenced Jewish cemetery
General site condition
The cemetery is abandoned, overgrown and there is a lot of litter in its territory. It requires clearing. Almost all of the tombstones are unmarked. A local described the approximate perimeter of the cemetery. The cemetery was replaced by modern garages, built by the local authority. Part of the cemetery was demolished around 1950-1960. Previously, the cemetery was guarded.
Number of existing gravestones
There are about 50 gravestones. Almost all of the tombstones have no inscription.
Date of oldest tombstone
1917 (the earliest tombstone found by ESJF).
Date of newest tombstone
1997 (the latest tombstone found by ESJF).
Urgency of erecting a fence
High
Land ownership
Municipality
Preserved construction on site
No
Drone surveys
Yes

Historical overview

The exact period of the cemetery’s establishment is unknown. It emerged no later than the early 20th century, as the earliest preserved tombstone dates to 1917. Part of the cemetery was demolished around 1950-1960 and later built up with garages. Previously, the cemetery was guarded. According to KSEN, some of the tombstones were removed to the cemetery on Stepnaya Street. It cannot be found on the maps of the region.

Tokmak (Ukr., Rus. Токмак, Yid. טאָקמאַק, until 1962 Velykyi Tokmak, Ukr. Великий Токмак, Rus. Большой Токмак) had a synagogue as of 1885. The Jewish population was 2,421 (13% of the total poplation) in 1897. There were 1,356 Jews in Tokmak in 1939. After the Germans arrived in October 1941, most of the Jews were murdered. According to the 2001 census, there were a few Jews (<10) in Tokmak and the neighbouring areas.

It is not known when exactly the cemetery was founded. The earliest tombstone dates to 1917. Part of the cemetery was demolished in the 1950’s or 1960’s and was built over with garages. According to the 1994–95 survey of the Jewish Preservation Committee (KSEN), some of the tombstones were moved to the cemetery on Stepova Street.

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