Terebovlya Jewish Cemetery

Cemetery Information

Country
Ukraine
Region
Ternopyl
District
Terebovlya
Settlement
Terebovlya
Site address
The cemetery site is located on both sides of Zaliznychna Street, on the site of households 34, 36, 38A and Chaykovs’koho 27A.
GPS coordinates
49.30499, 25.69117
Perimeter length
327 metres
Is the cemetery demolished
yes
Type and height of existing fence
No fence
Preservation condition
Demolished and overbuilt Jewish cemetery
General site condition
The cemetery site is overbuilt. Private houses and gardens are located on the site.
Number of existing gravestones
No tombstones preserved
Date of oldest tombstone
Date of newest tombstone
Urgency of erecting a fence
Fence is not needed
Land ownership
Private
Preserved construction on site
Drone surveys
No

Historical overview

The exact period of the cemetery’s establishment is unknown. It appears on the Austro-Hungarian Second and Third military survey maps of 1860s and 1880s. Presumably, it was established in 18th or early 19th century. According to locals, the cemetery was vandalised duing WWII, gravestones from the site were used to pave the roads. The cemetery was overbuilt in the 1960s.

The first records about the Jews of Terebovlya relate to 1539. The Jewish community was organised by the 18th century. The Jewish population reached a peak of 2,098 (25,3% of the total population). In 1921, 1,486 Jews were inhabitants of Terebovlya. Various Jewish parties, and Zionist organizations such as Ha-Shomer Ha-Tzair, Ha-Halutz, Ahava, etc., were active in the interwar period. In 1931, the Jewish population stood at 1,544, and, in 1941, around 1,700 Jews lived here. On the first month after the occupation, the executions of dozens of Jews occurred. In October 1942, the Jews from the adjoining villages were dispatched in Terebovlya. In early November, 1,091 Jews were deported to the Belzec death camp, and 109 were murdered on the spot. In December 1942, a ghetto for 2,500 prisoners was created. It was liquidated in June 1943. A monument was erected on the place of the mass shootings of Jews after the end of WWII.

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