Tarutyne Jewish Cemetery

Cemetery Information

Country
Ukraine
Region
Odessa
District
Tarutyne
Settlement
Tarutyne
Site address
Tarutyne Jewish Cemetery
GPS coordinates
46.17818, 29.17272
Perimeter length
481 metres
Is the cemetery demolished
no
Type and height of existing fence
No fence
Preservation condition
Fenced and protected Jewish cemetery
General site condition
Unfenced Jewish cemetery. The site is abandoned. Most part of the cemetery is severely overgrown with trees and bushes.
Number of existing gravestones
Around 400. An exact number of gravestones can be counted once the site is cleared.
Date of oldest tombstone
1875 (oldest gravestone found by ESJF expedition)
Date of newest tombstone
1932
Urgency of erecting a fence
High
Land ownership
Municipality
Preserved construction on site
Drone surveys
No

Historical overview

The Jewish cemetery of Tarutyne was established not later than 1875 (date of the oldest found gravestone). The cemetery is marked on the Yizkor book memory map. According to the testimonies of the Holocaust survivors – residents of Tarutyne, published in Yizkor Tarutyne, the cemetery was totally destroyed during WWII and the territory was plowed up by a tractors, some matzevot were found in a courtyards of local houses. However, the ESJF expedition found the cemetery existing and comparatively well-preserved.

The first settlement of the Jews in Tarutyne, the second largest Jewish community in southern Bessarabia, dates back to 1832. Three synagogues existed in the late 19th century. From the founding of the community in 1917, it was endorsing a variety of Zionist views and trends. The community had formed self-defence detachments. Around 60 youth moved to Palestine in the interwar period. The Jewish population numbered 1,546 (27% of the total population) in 1930. German-Romanian troops occupied Tarutyne in July 1941, and in July, about 40 Jews were murdered. On August 7, 1941, a camp imprisoning 1,200 Jews was set up. On October 10, 1941, a ghetto for 2,270 Jews from Izmayil, Bolhrad, Kiliya and Vylkove was created. From October 25 to 27, 1941, they were deported to Transnistria.