Staryy Sambir Jewish Cemetery

Cemetery Information

Country
Ukraine
Region
Lviv
District
Staryi Sambir
Settlement
Staryy Sambir
Site address
Staryy Sambir Jewish Cemetery
GPS coordinates
49.42628,22.99331
Perimeter length
437 metres
Is the cemetery demolished
no
Type and height of existing fence
Type of the fence
Preservation condition
Fenced and protected Jewish cemetery
General site condition
Fenced and protected Jewish cemetery. The cemetery is severely overgrown. It requires clearing. Its three unfenced sides require fencing.
Number of existing gravestones
1000
Date of oldest tombstone
1831 (the earliest found gravestone)
Date of newest tombstone
1910s
Urgency of erecting a fence
Medium
Land ownership
Municipality
Preserved construction on site
Drone surveys
No

Historical overview

Presumably, the cemetery was established at the beginning of the 19th century. It occupied a big piece of land on a map of 1853. It can be supposed that the cemetery was operating until WWII. In the Soviet period, it was vandalized and partly demolished. In the 2000s, the cemetery was restored and renovated by the J.Gardner initiative. The first records about the Jews relate to 1544. In in the early 18th century, the main part of the local Jewry was engaged in the trading of seeds and agricultural products. The Jewish population stood at 1,377 (39,5% of the total population) in 1880 and reached its peak of 1,827 in 1910. In the early 20th century, the branches of the Zionist organisations began to function. In 1910, Hebrew courses from “Safa brura” were carried out. There were pogroms on the Jews of Stary Sambor during the period of the Western Ukrainian Republic (1918–1919). In 1921, the Jewish population diminished to 1,534 (35,5% of the total population) because of the economic declination. The households of 384 Jewish families were devastated by the fire of 1923. In the interwar period, the departments of “Beitar” as well as the branches of “Ha-Shomer ha-Tzair” and “Akiva” operated in the city. In 1931, the Jewish population was 1,562 and grew through the flown of the refugees from Poland by 1941. On 30 June 1941, the Wehrmacht units occupied Staryy Sambir. In August 1942, the major part of the Jewish community was sent to the Belzec death camp. The remnants of the local Jewry were gathered in Sambir ghetto.