Stargard Jewish Cemetery

Cemetery Information

Country
Poland
Region
Zachodniopomorskie Voivodeship
District
Stargard
Settlement
Stargard
Site address
The cemetery in Stargard is located in today's Chrobry Park, on a steep hill near the amphitheatre. It runs parallel to Struga Street and from the amphitheater almost reaches Wolności Square ("Plac Wolności"). The entrance to the cemetery is at the building of the “Książnica Stargardzka” (local library. Its address is 3, Wojska Polskiego Street.
GPS coordinates
53.3398933, 15.0388455
Perimeter length
317 metres
Is the cemetery demolished
yes
Type and height of existing fence
It is fenced with metal mesh. The fencing requires repair. Height is about 1.7 meters
Preservation condition
Demolished Jewish cemetery that has not been built over
General site condition
Demolished but not overbuilt cemetery in the protected, fenced area belonging to the local library. The terrain is clean and the grass is mowed. Some old trees have been preserved in the area. The cemetery site is not marked or commemorated in any form.
Number of existing gravestones
No tombstones preserved.
Date of oldest tombstone
N/A
Date of newest tombstone
N/A
Urgency of erecting a fence
High
Land ownership
Municipality
Preserved construction on site
No
Drone surveys
No

Historical overview

According to A. Kowalczyk (“Stargardzkie necropolises” [in:] “Stargardzkie Zapiski Regionalne”, Jurkiewicz JL (ed.), Stargard 2000), the cemetery in Stargard was established in the second half of the 18th century and had an area of approximately. 0.5 ha (dimensions: 100 x 50 m). There was a chapel next to the cemetery. The cemetery was destroyed during Kristallnacht in 1938, as was the synagogue (next to the granary).

The Jewish cemetery in Stargard was one of the oldest in Pomerania. It was founded when the commune, one of the largest in Pomerania, was established, at the end of the 17th century. It was located on the Kalkenberg Hill (Gallows Hill) north of the city walls. When the city grew, the Jewish cemetery was located at the intersection of Bergstrasse (now Wojska Polskiego Street) and Kalkenbergerstrasse (now Andrzeja Struga Street). It occupied an area of ​​about 0.3 ha. After two centuries of operation, at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries, around 230 tombstones were under the constant care of the cemetery. At that time, it was necessary to level the area of ​​the necropolis, where the last burials took place at the end of the 17th century, and which began to collapse. In 1901, the kehilla made efforts to obtain permission to bury the dead in this area, as there was no place for further burials in the area of ​​the cemetery. This is not surprising, as at the beginning of the 20th century, over 600 people of Jewish origin lived in Stargard. It is known that the cemetery was used for the next 40 years, so either the community obtained permission to place graves in layers, which is a last resort solution in Jewish cemeteries, or it bought a part of the park adjacent to the cemetery and thus managed to enlarge the area of ​​the necropolis. At the beginning of the 20th century, a new pre-funeral home was built to replace the previous, already heavily damaged one. In 1938, during Kristallnacht, the cemetery was completely destroyed. In the area of ​​the cemetery, today included in the Bolesław Chrobry Park, no tombstones have survived, nor is there any trace of the funeral home and the cemetery fence.
(West Pomeranian Encyclopedia; http://encyklopedia.szczecin.pl)

Stargard Jewish Cemetery
Stargard Jewish Cemetery
Stargard Jewish Cemetery
Stargard Jewish Cemetery
Stargard Jewish Cemetery
Stargard Jewish Cemetery
Stargard Jewish Cemetery
Stargard Jewish Cemetery
Stargard Jewish Cemetery
Stargard Jewish Cemetery
Stargard Jewish Cemetery
Stargard Jewish Cemetery
Stargard Jewish Cemetery
Stargard Jewish Cemetery