Sokyryany Jewish Cemetery

Cemetery Information

Country
Ukraine
Region
Chernivtsi
District
Sokyryany
Settlement
Sokyryany
Site address
Sokyryany Jewish Cemetery
GPS coordinates
48.43895, 27.41694
Perimeter length
519 metres
Is the cemetery demolished
no
Type and height of existing fence
Type of the fence
Preservation condition
Fenced and protected Jewish cemetery
General site condition
Fenced and protected Jewish cemetery. The cemetery is slightly overgrown. It requires clearing.
Number of existing gravestones
1000
Date of oldest tombstone
1840
Date of newest tombstone
2004
Urgency of erecting a fence
Fence is not needed
Land ownership
Property of local community
Preserved construction on site
Presumably, there is a beit-tahara or caretaker’s house on the site.
Drone surveys
No

Historical overview

The exact period of the cemetery’s establishment is unknown. According to epigraphic data, it already existed in the 1840s. It also was marked on maps from the 1860s and 1907. The cemetery is still operating.

Jews settled in Sokyryany in the first half of the 19th century. A Hevra Kadisha society operated in the late 19th century. Synagogues were maintained by groups of Jewish artisans. The Jewish population reached 5,042 (56,1% of the total population) in 1897. Several thousands of refugees, who fled the 1918-20s pogroms in Ukraine, arrived in the town. Later, they immigrated to the US or overseas. In the 1920s, a Hebrew school and a kindergarten were opened. The Zionists became active in 1917, and expand their movement in the 1930s. The Jewish population numbered 4,200 (72,9% of the total population) by 1930. The German-Romanian troops captured Sokyryany on July 6, 1941. 90 Jews were executed in the first days of the occupation. On October 3, 1941, 30,000 Jewish prisoners of the Sokyryany camp were expelled to Transnistria. About 500 Jews survived WWII.