Smotrych Jewish Cemetery

Cemetery Information

Country
Ukraine
Region
Khmelnytskyy
District
Dunaivtsi
Settlement
Smotrych
Site address
Smotrych Jewish Cemetery
GPS coordinates
48.9534,26.56106
Perimeter length
502 metres
Is the cemetery demolished
no
Type and height of existing fence
Type of the fence
Preservation condition
Fenced and protected Jewish cemetery
General site condition
Unfenced Jewish cemetery. The old part of the cemetery is severely overgrown, the new part is well-maintained.
Number of existing gravestones
About 100. Vegetation on the site does not allow to establish the exact number of gravestones.
Date of oldest tombstone
1721 (oldest found by ESJF expedition)
Date of newest tombstone
1950 (earliest found by ESJF expedition)
Urgency of erecting a fence
High
Land ownership
Property of local community
Preserved construction on site
Drone surveys
No

Historical overview

The exact period of the cemetery’s establishment is unknown. According to the dates on the preserved gravestones, it can be assumed that the cemetery emerged in the early 18th century. First, the place was marked on a Russian map of 1900. The Jewish community of Smotrych existed from 1712. 275 Jews resided here in 1765. By 1897, the Jewish population reached 1,725 (44,2% of the total). In the late 19th, a branch of Hovevei Zion became active. The Zionist groups Poalei Zion and Mizrachi, the Bund and other organizations started their activity later. From 1921, the Jewish youth immigrated to Palestine with the assistance of the Hehalutz branch. In the 1920s and 30s, 62 Jewish families worked in a kolkhoz. 1,075 Jewish residents (18,47% of the total population) lived in Smotrych in 1939. On July 9, 1941, Smotrych was occupied by the German units. 670 Jews were murdered during the occupation. Some Jews of Smotrych were deported to the Dunayivtsi ghetto. A monument dedicated to the Holocaust victims was erected on the site.

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