Semenivka Jewish Cemetery

Cemetery Information

Country
Ukraine
Region
Chernihiv
District
Semenivka
Settlement
Semenivka
Site address
Semenivka Jewish Cemetery
GPS coordinates
52.17656,32.57256
Perimeter length
319 metres
Is the cemetery demolished
no
Type and height of existing fence
Type of the fence
Preservation condition
Fenced and protected Jewish cemetery
General site condition
Unfenced Jewish cemetery. The cemetery is mostly clear. However, some of the older gravestones are partially sunken in the ground or covered in moss and other vegetation.
Number of existing gravestones
About 60. The older tombstones are not legible. The site is also home to one Christian grave.
Date of oldest tombstone
The oldest found id 1948
Date of newest tombstone
The latest found is 2013
Urgency of erecting a fence
High
Land ownership
Property of local community
Preserved construction on site
Drone surveys
No

Historical overview

The exact period of the cemetery’s foundation is unknown. The oldest preserved gravestone dates back to the post-war period. According to the Committee on the Preservation of Jewish Heritage, the cemetery once contained a number of older gravestones, dating from 1930 to 1937. However, the ESJF team was unable to find these in 2020.

The earliest references to a Jewish community in Semenivka date to the first half of 19th century. According to historical records, by the end of the 19th century, the territory of the modern Semenivka district was inhabited by over 2,000 Jews. In Semenivka itself, the Jewish population numbered 1,377 people. The Jewish community withstood pogroms in October, 1905. In 1939, only 402 Jews remained in Semenivka. Semenivka was occupied from August 25th, 1941 to September 20th, 1943. During World War II, the entire Jewish population of the city was resettled into Kovalivka Street which became the Jewish ghetto. This ghetto did not last long. On November 30th, all of the Jews were brought out of the city into a birch grove and shot. It is no longer possible to establish the exact number of Jews shot in Semenivka during the Holocaust. The exact period of the cemetery’s foundation is unknown. The oldest preserved gravestone dates back to the post-war period. According to the Committee on the Preservation of Jewish Heritage, the cemetery once contained a number of older gravestones, dating from 1930 to 1937. However, the ESJF team was unable to locate these in 2020.

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