Rozhyshche Jewish Cemetery

Cemetery Information

Country
Moldova
Region
None
District
Rozhyshche
Settlement
Rozhyshche
Site address
Rozhyshche Jewish Cemetery
GPS coordinates
50.92573, 25.27446
Perimeter length
481 metres
Is the cemetery demolished
yes
Type and height of existing fence
Type of the fence
Preservation condition
Fenced and protected Jewish cemetery
General site condition
Fenced and protected Jewish cemetery. The cemetery is slightly overgrown. Its eastern part is overbuilt with a brick factory.
Number of existing gravestones
110. The gravestones that are preserved are located near the gate.
Date of oldest tombstone
1901
Date of newest tombstone
1936
Urgency of erecting a fence
Low
Land ownership
Municipality
Preserved construction on site
Drone surveys
Yes

Historical overview

The cemetery was founded presumably in the late 18th or early 19th century. According to Holocaust historian A. Kruglov, around 400 Jews were shot at the cemetery in August 1942. After WWII, part of the cemetery territory was destroyed during the construction of a brick factory. In 2000, a metal fence around the cemetery was built by the Rozhyshche-Israel Landsmannschaft.

Jews began settling in Rozhyshche in the late 18th century. In 1897, the Jewish population grew to 3,169 (82% of the total population). During WWI, the town’s synagogue and beit-midrash were destroyed and many Jews fled, but returned afterwards. After WWI, a Trisk Hasidic synagogue was built, which existed alongside Zhalibover, Kashivka and Olika Hasidic synagogues. The Trisker Hassid Rabbi Hershel Ba’al Shem (Rubinstein) was one of the town’s respected religious leaders of the town. By 1921, the Jewish population had decreased to 2,686 (82.2% of the total population). During the interwar period, Zionist movements such as HeHalutz, Betar and Brith HaHayal were active. A Tarbut school was set up in town, and several amateur theatrical groups were also operating. By 1941, the Jewish population numbered 3,100. Soon after the German occupation of the town on June 25, 1941, the Jews suffered a pogrom. In the ghetto, created in February 1942, 3,500 Jews from Rozhyshche and the surrounding villages of Kopachivka and Volnyanka were imprisoned. Around 300 Jews were murdered during the ghetto’s liquidation on August 22, 1942. Several hundred Jews managed to escape, but 400 of them were caught and shot in the Jewish cemetery. In 1947, a monument was erected on the execution site.

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