Rozdil Jewish Cemetery

Cemetery Information

Country
Ukraine
Region
Lviv
District
Mykolaiv
Settlement
Rozdil
Site address
23, I. Pidkovy Street. The cemetery is located behind the house.
GPS coordinates
49.46224, 24.05722
Perimeter length
485 metres
Is the cemetery demolished
no
Type and height of existing fence
Metall fence
Preservation condition
Fenced and protected Jewish cemetery
General site condition
none
Number of existing gravestones
200
Date of oldest tombstone
1780
Date of newest tombstone
1887
Urgency of erecting a fence
Low
Land ownership
Property of local community
Preserved construction on site
Drone surveys
No

Historical overview

Information on the cemetery’s establishment is unknown, but it was operating in the middle of the 18th century. It was marked on a map from 1850. Presumably, the cemetery was operating until WWII.

From the early 17th century, when a Jewish community was founded in Rozdil, a wooden synagogue was built, which burnt down in 1907. In 1628, a heder was operating. In 1765, 639 Jews resided in Rozdil. In the first part of the 19th century, a Hasidic court was founded by Yehuda-Zvi Eichenstein (1791–1847). In 1886, a Hasidic court was also founded by Pinhos-Haim Taub (1867–1935). In 1880, the Jewish population rose to 2,465 (54% of the total population). It decreased slightly to 2,262 (49% of the total population) in 1900, and declined to 1,725 (45% of the total population) in 1921. In the interwar period the Jewish population was engaged in commerce and the economy was in crisis. A new synagogue had been built by 1927. The Jewish population numbered 1,902 in 1931. In June 1941, Nazi forces occupied Rozdil. In early September 1942, nearly 1,000 Jews were deported to the extermination camp Belzec. About 150 Jews were murdered on February 4, 1943.

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