Radomsko Jewish Cemetery

Cemetery Information

Country
Poland
Region
Łódzkie Voivodeship
District
Radomsko
Settlement
Radomsko
Site address
171, Przedborska Street.
GPS coordinates
51.0795462, 19.4735026
Perimeter length
665 meters
Is the cemetery demolished
no
Type and height of existing fence
There is a brick wall about 2m high.
Preservation condition
Fenced and protected Jewish cemetery
General site condition
It is a very well preserved cemetery, with many tombstones and an ohel of a local tzadikim, of the Rabinowicz family. The site is overgrown, the path to the ohel is the only clear area. The area is fenced. There is a new building for the pilgrims who come to visit the grave of the tzadik. The site was a place of mass execution, the germans killed 1500 jews there. There is a commemorative plaque at the site.
Number of existing gravestones
About 3,000. Most of the tombstones are in very good condition.
Date of oldest tombstone
1831
Date of newest tombstone
2000
Urgency of erecting a fence
Fence is not needed
Land ownership
Other
Preserved construction on site
Ohel of tzadikim from the Rabinowicz family.
Drone surveys
Yes

Historical overview

The Jewish settlement in Radomsko developed after the Third Partition of Poland. In 1834, an independent synagogue supervision was established. From the 19th century, Radomsko was the seat of the Hasidic dynasty. In 1921, 7,774 Jews (41% of the entire population) lived in the town. In 1942 and 1943, most of them were murdered by the Germans at Treblinka.

The cemetery is located about 2.1 km north-east of the city center at 196 Przedborska Street, and covers an irregularly shaped plot of 2.5419 ha. According to various sources, the cemetery was established between 1805 and 1832. The oldest preserved tombstones dates back to 1831.
In 1866, tzadik Szlomo ha-Kohen Rabinowicz, the founder of the local Hasidic dynasty, was buried at the cemetery. An ohel was erected over his grave, where members of the Rabinowicz family were buried in the following years.
During World War II, the cemetery was the site of many mass executions. The Germans shot at least several dozen people in October 1942, and about 1,500 in the first half of January 1943.
After 1945, the user of the cemetery was the Congregation of the Mosaic Faith in Częstochowa. Currently, the cemetery is owned by the Jewish Community in Łódź. It is one of the few active Jewish cemeteries in Poland. The last burial took place in 1990.
There are about 2,700 tombstones in the cemetery and a rebuilt ohel of the tzadik dynasty. There are mass graves of the Holocaust victims at the entrance. The area is fenced with a brick wall, with the main gateway and an additional entrance, from which the Kohen road leads to the ohel. At the main gate, a one-floor building has been preserved, which before the war, served as a funeral house or a caretaker’s house. In 2017, a Hasidic center with a prayer room, a mikveh, and a hotel was opened next to the cemetery.

The cemetery is listed in the Register of Immovable Monuments. One can take the keys to the gate from the family now living in the former funeral house. The list of tombstones is available at https://sztetl.org.pl/pl/miejscowosci/r/518-radomsko/115-pamiec-w-kamieniu/30328-cięcz-zydowski-w-radomsku