Pidvolochys’k Jewish Cemetery

Cemetery Information

Country
Ukraine
Region
Ternopyl
District
Pidvolochys’k
Settlement
Pidvolochys’k
Site address
Pidvolochys’k Jewish Сemetery
GPS coordinates
49.52365, 26.14920
Perimeter length
221 metres
Is the cemetery demolished
yes
Type and height of existing fence
Type of the fence
Preservation condition
Fenced and protected Jewish cemetery
General site condition
Fenced and protected Jewish cemetery. The cemetery is severely overgrown. It requires clearing. The fence is in good condition.
Number of existing gravestones
100
Date of oldest tombstone
1866 (oldest found by ESJF expedition)
Date of newest tombstone
1928 (latest found by ESJF expedition)
Urgency of erecting a fence
Fence is not needed
Land ownership
Property of local community
Preserved construction on site
A memorial sign dedicated to the fallen Jewish solders of the actions in 1914-1921.
Drone surveys
Yes

Historical overview

The exact period of the cemetery’s establishment is unknown. According to epigraphic data, it already existed in the 1860s. It was marked on a map in Yizkor Pidvolochys’k Memorial Book issued in 1988.
The Jews were already present in the town when it was founded in the 1860s. The first rabbi of Pidvolochys’k was Hasid Yehoshua-Geshel Babad (died in 1895) from Belz. In 1890, the Jewish population reached 2,651 (70,2% of the total population). By 1900, this figure grew to 3,779 (73% of the total population). In 1900, the Zionist movement activated. Israel Eldad (Scheib) (1910–1995), a member of the Lehi central committee and Israeli Revisionist Zionist philosopher, was born in Pidvolochysk. In the early 20th century, Degel Yehuda and Poalei Zion were the most active Zionist organizations in the town. By the same time, a drama circle, choir and Hebrew courses by Safa Brura were in operation. In 1916, the Russians expelled 420 Jews to Skalat. The Jewish population declined to 2,275 (62% of the total population) in 1921. In July 1941, about 1,200 Jews resided in Pidvolochys’k when the Wehrmacht troops occupied the town. 40 Jews were murdered on the first day of the occupation. In September 1942, Jews were deported to Zbarazh. On June 29, 1943, a labour camp was liquidated, and 500 Jewish prisoners were executed. 200 Jews returned to the town after the end of WWII. In 2003, Jews resided in Pidvolochys’k.