Petrovirivka Jewish Cemetery

Cemetery Information

Country
Ukraine
Region
Odessa
District
Settlement
Petrovirivka
Site address
The cemetery is located near the house 34, Shklyaruka Street.
GPS coordinates
47.23581, 30.31765
Perimeter length
416 metres
Is the cemetery demolished
no
Type and height of existing fence
No fence
Preservation condition
Unfenced Jewish cemetery
General site condition
The cemetery is covered by bushes and high grass. Many gravestones are broken, and there are many gravestones bases, without gravestones, on the site. There are also remnants of an old masonry wall delineating the territory.
Number of existing gravestones
Around 100. There are also many fragments of gravestones​ and bases of stolen gravestones on the site. It seems that there were once more than 500 gravestones on the cemetery.
Date of oldest tombstone
1840
Date of newest tombstone
1984
Urgency of erecting a fence
High
Land ownership
Municipality
Preserved construction on site
Drone surveys
No

Historical overview

According to epigraphic data, the Jewish cemetery of Petrovirivka was established no later than 1840, as the oldest gravestone dates to this year. The cemetery is marked on a Russian military map from 1941. As post-war gravestones show, there was a Jewish population in Petrovirivka after WWII.

Jews began settling in Petrovirivka from the late 19th century onwards. According to the census, the Jewish population in 1897 numbered 819 and, by 1926, had increased to 1,557 (97% of the total population). In the 1920s and 1930s, an elementary school for Jewish children was operating. A rural council was created. Jews were united into artisan cooperatives. Three colonies were created in the area: 38 Jewish families founded the colony named Frayland, 60 families founded the colony Ratenfeld, and 59 families (258 people total) founded Rayzenfeld. In 1939, the Jewish population numbered 470. On August 7, 1941, the Nazis occupied Petrovirivka. During August to September 1941, around 75 Jews were murdered. Over 200 Jews fell victim to the Nazi regime.

View 3D model